Connect to a Linux Server

Some Things to Know First:

Connect with Remote Desktop

From a Thin Client or Lab PC

The Remote Desktop Connection app is installed on the ETS Windows computers in the labs, including the Windows Desktop on the thin clients. There is no need to connect to the Engineering Labs or Mobile Desktop first; Remote Desktop is available directly from the Start Menu of the thin client

  1. Open Remote Desktop Connection from the Start Menu. (Tip: Click the Windows button and type ‘remote’. When you see the program name, click on it.)
  2. The Remote Desktop Connection window will open.
  3. For “Computer”, type the name or alias of one of the Linux servers.
  4. If a dialog box appears asking about the authenticity of the host, answer Yes.
  5. The Linux “xrdp” logon screen will open. Enter your Engineering login name and password, then click Login.
  6. If a window asking for the root password appears, you may close it or click “cancel”.
  7. You will see the desktop of the Linux server. Perform your work on the Linux server as necessary.
  8. When you are done, you may Disconnect or Log Off:
    • Disconnect: Just like the Windows Desktop on the thin clients, you may disconnect from your desktop session but keep the programs running. Use this is you want to return later to finish your work. To disconnect, click the ‘x’ in the upper right-hand corner of the Remote Desktop Connection bar.
    • Log Off: When you are completely finished, you should log off. To log off, click your name in the upper right-hand corner of the screen and select “Quit…”

For all other Personal Computers and Laptops.

(If Off-Campus) Use a VPN to connect to the Engineering network.
Windows
  1. From the Start Menu, open Remote Desktop Connection (Tip: Click the Windows button and type ‘remote’. When you see the program name, click on it.)
  2. The Remote Desktop Connection window will open.
  3. For “Computer”, type the name or alias of one of the Linux servers.
  4. If a dialog box appears asking about the authenticity of the host, answer “Yes”.
  5. The Linux “xrdp” logon screen will open. Enter your Engineering login name and password, then click Login.
Mac OS
  1. Download and install the Microsoft Remote Desktop Connection Client for Mac.
  2. Open Remote Desktop Connection from your dock or under the Applications menu on the Finder.
  3. For the host name, type the name or alias of one of the Linux servers.
  4. If a dialog box appears asking about the authenticity of the host, answer “Yes”.
  5. The Linux “xrdp” logon screen will open. Enter your Engineering login name and password, then click Login.
Linux
  1. Install a remote desktop package such as rdesktop.
  2. Create a new RDP session.
  3. For the host name, type the name or alias of one of the Linux servers.
  4. If a dialog box appears asking about the authenticity of the host, answer “Yes”.
  5. The Linux “xrdp” logon screen will open. Enter your Engineering login name and password, then click Login.

Connect with X2Go

Download the Client

Windows

If you are on a machine in the labs this should already be installed. If you are on a CSU computer and need X2Go installed please contact ETS and we can install it for you. Otherwise, please follow the instructions below.

  1. Download the latest version of X2Go. You can grab it here and install.
  2. Important! When installing X2Go make sure to install all fonts available. This is vital for some programs to work correctly.

X2Go install config

Mac

  1. Download and install the latest version of X2Go.
    • For OSX 10.9 and higher download here
  2. Download and install XQuartz. You can find the latest version on their website here. After installation you may be asked to log off and back in one time to start it correctly.
  3. To set up copy/paste to work with the “command+c”/”command+v” instead of control open a terminal and execute this command:
    echo "*VT100.translations: #override Meta V: insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n" > ~/.Xdefaults

Linux

  1. Use your package manager to install “x2goclient”. e.g. For Ubuntu/Debian open a terminal and type sudo apt-get install x2goclient

Setting Up Your Connection

  1. Open X2Go
  2. From the title menu “Session” choose “New Session”
  3. Fill Out
    • “Host”: Enter in the name of one of the linux servers. See here for a list of servers. Important! Append “.engr.colostate.edu” to use the full computer name to prevent problems. e.g. linux5.engr.colostate.edu instead of linux5.
    • “Login”: This is your engineering username
    • Important!“Session Type”: “Mate” if a full desktop is required., otherwise use “Single Application” with command “Terminal” !! Do not use the default “KDE” !!

    X2Go Connection information

  4. hit OK.

Using X2Go

Connecting

Connect to your session by clicking on the white square to bring up the login prompt. Enter your engineering password and click “Ok”. If needed, accept the server key prompt.

X2Go Connecting

Working with terminal

To run common programs, such as Matlab, Fluent, etc., please see here for instructions.

Otherwise you can use the terminal just like you would using a full desktop. You can open graphical applications and they will open in a new window.

X2Go Terminal

If you need extra terminals go to “File”->”New Window” or “Open Terminal”

X2Go New Termial

Disconnecting and Suspending

To End Your Session:

  • Close all windows or Go to your X2Go Client and press the terminate session button (Small Circle highlighted below. On the right.)

To Disconnect/Suspend/Pause Your Session:

  • Go to your X2Go Client and press the Disconnect/Pause session button (Two vertical lines highlighted below. Middle of the three buttons.)
  • To reconnect to that session just log back in. All your windows/processes should be how you left them.

X2Go Disconnect

Connect with SSH (command-line only)

From another ETS server

      • OpenSSH is installed by default on the ETS Linux and Solaris systems.
      • Open a terminal window and type:
        @.engr.colostate.edu
      • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.

From Windows

      • Download and install PuTTY. NOTE: PuTTY is installed on the Windows computers in the ETS labs.
      • Open PuTTY from the Start Menu.
      • In the box labled “Host Name (or IP address)”, type the host name of the machine you want and click “Open” to connect.
      • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.

From Linux

      • Open a terminal window and type:
        ssh @.engr.colostate.edu
      • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.

From Mac OS X

    • OS X comes with SSH preinstalled. See your system manuals for configuration directions.
    • Run /Applications/Utilities/Terminal to start xterm. This should bring up an xterm window.
    • At the prompt in the xterm, connect to a computer server by typing:
      ssh @.engr.colostate.edu
    • Log in with your Engineering password.

Connect with X-forwarding

“X” is a window system (often referred to as the X Window System), which is used on many Linux machines. Under this system, it is possible to easily run programs remotely and make them appear as if they were run on the local machine.

Windows (method 1)

      • Download and install Xming
      • Download and install PuTTY
      • Start PuTTY.
      • Under “Connection,” expand SSH and click on X11. Check “Enable X11 forwarding.”
      • Go to the section Session at the top left and under saved sessions, click on “Default Settings” and click save. This will save the setting for next time.
      • Start Xming (this will put a “X” icon in the taskbar), use Putty to ssh into the server that you would like.
      • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.
      • Once you are connected, check that applications will open on your computer by typing xclock. This should display a small analog clock.
      • Note: You do not need to have Xming running before you start PuTTY. You can start PuTTY and then start Xming.

Windows (method 2)

    • Download and Install cygwin. Here are some instructions.
    • Double-click on the cygwin icon (this opens up a terminal window, where you have a more Unix-like command-line environment within Windows)
    • Type startxwin.bat (this will open up another terminal window with all the X display information already configured by cygwin)
    • In this new terminal window, type
      ssh -Y @.engr.colostate.edu
    • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.
    • You can now run the application of your choice.

Linux or Solaris

    • Open up a terminal window and type:
      ssh -XC .engr.colostate.edu
    • Log in with your Engineering user name and password.

Mac OS X

In order to run programs with X-forwarding on Macintosh OS X, you need SSH (which is installed by default) and X11 for Mac OS X, which is freely available.

    • Download and install Xquartz or X11.
    • Run /Applications/Utilities/X11 to start X11. This should bring up an xterm window.
    • At the prompt in the xterm window, connect to a compute server by typing:
      ssh -X @.engr.colostate.edu
      or, if the -X gives you problems
      ssh -Y @.engr.colostate.edu
      Note: The -X enables X-forwarding. Sometimes, you might need to use -Y instead, which enables trusted X-forwarding.
    • Run the application you wish to use from the command prompt.