Journal Publications


Miller, H.; Dias, D.; Hare, H.; Borton, M.A.; Blotevogel, J.; Danforth, C.; Wrighton, K.C.; Ippolito, J.A.; Borch,T.  (2020): Reusing Oil and Gas Produced Water for Agricultural Irrigation: Effects on Soil Health and the Soil Microbiome. Science of the Total Environment, 722. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137888

McDevitt, B.; McLaughlin, M.; Vinson, D.; Geeza, T.J.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Warner, N.R. (2020): Isotopic and element ratios fingerprint salinization impact from beneficial use of oil and gas produced water in the western U.S. Science of the Total Environment, 716. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137006

McLaughlin, M.C.; Blotevogel, J.; Watson, R.A.; Schell, B.; Blewett, T.A.; Folkerts, E.J.; Goss, G.G.; Truong, L.; Tanguay, R.L.; Argueso, J.L.; Borch, T. (2020): Mutagenicity Assessment Downstream of Oil and Gas Produced Water Discharges Intended for Agricultural Beneficial Reuse. Science of the Total Environment, 715.DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136944

McLaughlin, M.; Borch, T.; McDevitt, B. ; Warner, N.R.; Blotevogel, J. (2020): Water Quality Assessment Downstream of Oil and Gas Produced Water Discharges Intended for Beneficial Reuse in Arid Regions. Science of the Total Environment, 713. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136607


Pica, N.E.; Funkhouser, J.; Yin, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Ceres, D.; Tong, T.; Blotevogel, J. (2019): Electrochemical Oxidation of Hexafluoropropylene Oxide Dimer Acid (GenX): Mechanistic Insights and Efficient Treatment Train with Nanofiltration. Environmental Science & Technology, 53, 12602-12609. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.9b03171

McAdams, B.C.; Carter, K.E.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Hakala, J.A. (2019): In situ transformation of hydraulic fracturing surfactants from well injection to produced water. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 21, 1777-1786. DOI:10.1039/C9EM00153K

Evans, M.V.; Getzinger, G.; Luek, J.L.; Hanson, A.J.; McLaughlin, M.C.; Blotevogel, J.; Welch, S.A.; Nicora, C.D.; Purvine, S.O.; Xu, C.; Cole, D.R.; Darrah, T.H.; Hoyt, D.W.; Metz, T.O.; Ferguson, P.L.; Lipton, M.S.; Wilkins, M.J.; Mouser, P.J. (2019): In situ transformation of ethoxylate and glycol surfactants by shale-colonizing microorganisms during hydraulic fracturing. ISME Journal, DOI:10.1038/s41396-019-0466-0.

Kiaalhosseini, S.; Kohn., B.; Watson, A.T.; Sale, T.; Blotevogel, J. (2019): Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Distribution in Sediments Using Discriminatory Freezing. Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 39, 71-75. DOI:10.1111/gwmr.12323

Blotevogel, J.; Pijls, C.; Scheffer, B.; de Waele, J.-P.; Lee, A.; van Poecke, R.; van Belzen, N.; Staal, W. (2019): Pilot-Scale Electrochemical Treatment of a 1,4-Dioxane Source Zone. Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 39, 36-42. DOI:10.1111/gwmr.12307

Hanson, A.J.; Luek, J.L.; Tummings, S.; McLaughlin, M.; Blotevogel, J.; Mouser, P.J. (2019): High total dissolved solids in shale gas wastewater inhibits biodegradation of alkyl and nonylphenol ethoxylate surfactants. Science of the Total Environment, 668, 1094-1103. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.041

Thomas, L.; Tang, H.; Kalyon, D.M.; Aktas, S.; Arthur, J.D.; Blotevogel, J.; Carey, J.W.; Filshill, A.; Fu, P.; Hsuan, G.; Hu, T.; Soeder, D.; Shah, S.; Vidic, R.; Young, M.H. (2019): Toward better hydraulic fracturing fluids and their application in energy production: A review of sustainable technologies and reduction of potential environmental impacts. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 173, 793-803. DOI:10.1016/j.petrol.2018.09.056

Akyon, B.; McLaughlin, M.; Hernandez, F.; Blotevogel, J.; Bibby, K. (2019): Characterization and Biological Removal of Organic Compounds from Hydraulic Fracturing Produced Water. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 2, 279-290. DOI:10.1039/C8EM00354H

McDevitt, B.; McLaughlin, M.; Cravotta, C.A.; Ajemigbitse, M.A.; Van Sice, K.J.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Warner, N.R. (2019): Emerging investigator series: radium accumulation in carbonate river sediments at oil and gas produced water discharges: implications for beneficial use as disposal management. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 21, 324-338. DOI:10.1039/C8EM00336J

Danforth, C.; McPartland, J.; Blotevogel, J.; Coleman, N.; Devlin, D.; Olsgard, M.; Parkerton, T. F.; Saunders, N. (2019): Alternative Management of Oil and Gas Produced Water Requires More Research on its Hazards and Risks. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 2019, 15, 677-682. DOI:10.1002/ieam.4160


Blotevogel, J.; Rappé, A.K.; Mayeno, A.N.; Sale, T.C.; Borch, T. (2018): The mechanism of C-H bond oxidation by aqueous permanganate. Environmental Science & Technology 52, 9845-9850. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.8b03157

Kayvan Karimi Askarani, Emily B. Stockwell, Keith R. Piontek, Tom C. Sale (2018): Thermal Monitoring of Natural Source Zone Depletion. Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation 38, 43-52. DOI:10.1111/gwmr.12286

Oetjen, K.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Ranville, J.F.; Higgins, C.P. (2018): Simulation of a Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater Surface Spill into an Agricultural Soil. Science of the Total Environment, 645, 229-234. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.043

Oetjen, K.; Chan, K.E.; Gulmark, K.; Christensen, J.H.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Spear, J.R.; Cath, T.Y.; Higgins, C.P. (2018): Temporal Characterization and Statistical Analysis of Flowback and Produced Waters and Their Potential for Reuse. Science of the Total Environment, 619-620, 654-664. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.078

Blotevogel, J.; Giraud, R.J.; Borch, T. (2018): Reductive Defluorination of Perfluorooctanoic Acid by Zero-Valent Iron and Zinc: A DFT-Based Kinetic Model. Chemical Engineering Journal, 335, 248-254. DOI:10.1016/j.cej.2017.10.131


Jasmann, J.R.; Gedalanga, P.B.; Borch, T.; Mahendra, S.; Blotevogel, J. (2017): Synergistic Treatment of Mixed 1,4-Dioxane and Chlorinated Solvent Contaminations by Coupling Electrochemical Oxidation with Aerobic Biodegradation. Environmental Science & Technology. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.7b03134

Heyob, K.M.; Blotevogel, J.; Brooker, M.; Evans, M.; Lenhart, J.J.; Wright, J.; Lamendella, R.; Borch, T.; Mouser, P.J. (2017): Natural Attenuation of Nonionic Surfactants Used in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids: Degradation Rates, Pathways, and Mechanisms. Environmental Science & Technology. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.7b01539

Oetjen, K.; Giddings, C.G.S.; McLaughlin, M.; Nell, M.; Blotevogel, J.; Helbling, D.E.; Mueller, D.; Higgins, C.P. (2017): Emerging analytical methods for the characterization and quantification of organic contaminants in flowback and produced water. Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 15, 12-23. DOI:10.1016/j.teac.2017.07.002

Burgos, W.D.; Castillo-Meza, L.; Tasker, T.L.; Geeza, T.J.; Drohan, P.J.; Liu, X.; Landis, J.D.; Blotevogel, J.; McLaughlin, M.; Borch, T.; Warner, N.R. (2017): Watershed-Scale Impacts from Surface Water Disposal of Oil and Gas Wastewater in Western Pennsylvania. Environmental Science & Technology, 51, 8851-8860. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.7b01696

Halihan, T., M. Lyverse, T. Sale (2017). Mechanism for Detecting NAPL Using Electrical Resistivity Imaging. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 205, 57-69. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.08.007

Garg, S., C.J. Newell, P. Kulkarni, D. C. King, D. T. Adamson, M. Irianni Renno, and T. Sale (2017). Overview of Natural Source Zone Depletion: Processes, Controlling Factors, and Composition Change. Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, 37 (3), 62-81. DOI:10.1111/gwmr.12219


Sale, T., Mahler, N., Smith, T. (2016). Reply to Lago et al. Comment on “Use of Single-Well Tracer Dilution Tests to Evaluate LNAPL Flux at Seven Field Sites and Measurement of LNAPL Flux Using Single-Well Intermittent Mixing Traces Dilution Tests”. Groundwater, 54 (5), 624. DOI:10.1111/gwat.12473

Kiaalhosseini, S.; Johnson, R.L.; Rogers, R.C.; Irianni-Renno, M.; Lyverse, M.; Sale, T.C. (2016): Cryogenic Core Collection (C3) from Unconsolidated Subsurface Media.Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 36 (4), 41-49. DOI:10.1111/gwmr.12186

Kahrilas, G.A.; Blotevogel, J.; Corrin, E.R.; Borch, T. (2016): Downhole Transformation of the Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Biocide Glutaraldehyde: Implications for Flowback and Produced Water Quality. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (20), 11414-11423. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.6b02881

Jasmann, J.R.; Borch, T.; Sale, T.C.; Blotevogel, J. (2016): Advanced Electrochemical Oxidation of 1,4-Dioxane via Dark Catalysis by Novel Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Pellets. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (16), 8817-8826. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.6b02183

McLaughlin, M.C.; Borch, T.; Blotevogel, J. (2016): Spills of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals on Agricultural Topsoil: Biodegradation, Sorption, and Co-contaminant Interactions. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (11), 6071-6078. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.6b00240

Paz, A.; Tadmor. G.; Malchi, T.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Polubesova, T.; Chefetz, B. (2016): Fate of Carbamazepine, its Metabolites, and Lamotrigine in Soils Irrigated with Reclaimed Wastewater: Sorption, Leaching and Plant Uptake. Chemosphere, 160, 22-29. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.06.048

Lewis, A.R., Ronayne, M.J., and T.C. Sale (2016). Estimating Aquifer Properties Using Derivative Analysis of Water Level Time Series from Active Well Fields. Groundwater, 54 (3), 414–424. DOI:10.1111/gwat.12368

Irianni Renno, M., Akhbari, D., Olson, M.R., Byrne, A.P., Lefèvre, E., Zimbron, J., Lyverse, M., Sale, T.C., and S.K. De Long (2016). Comparison of Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in Depth-Resolved Zones in an LNAPL Body. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 100, 3347-3360. DOI:10.1007/s00253-015-7106-z


Kahrilas, G.A.*; Blotevogel, J.*; Stewart, P.S.; Borch, T. (2015): Biocides in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids: A Critical Review of Their Usage, Mobility, Degradation, and Toxicity. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (1), 16-32. DOI:10.1021/es503724k * Denotes co-first authors. 

Olson, M. and T. Sale (2015). Implications of Soil Mixing for NAPL Source Zone Remediation: Column Studies and Modeling of Field-Scale Systems. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Vol 177-178, pp. 206-219. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.04.008

McCoy, K. Zimbron, J, T. Sale, and M. Lyverse (2015), Measurement of Natural Losses of LNAPL Using CO2 Traps. Journal of Groundwater, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp. 658-667. DOI:10.1111/gwat.12240


Thurman, E.M.; Ferrer, I.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T. (2014): Analysis of Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback and Produced Waters Using Accurate Mass: Identification of Ethoxylated Surfactants. Analytical Chemistry, 86, 9653-9661. DOI:10.1021/ac502163k 

Olson, M.R.; Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Petersen, M.A.; Royer, R.A.; Sale, T.C. (2014): Long-Term Potential of In Situ Chemical Reduction for Treatment of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Soils. Chemosphere, 114, 144-149. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.03.109

Zeman, N., M. Irriani Renno, M. Olson, T. Sale, and S. De Long (2014). Temperature Impacts on Anaerobic Biotransformation of LNAPL and Concurrent Shifts in Microbial Community Structure. Journal of Biodegradation, 25 (4), 569-674. DOI:10.1007/s10532-014-9682-5


Mahler, N., T. Sale and M. Lyverse (2012). A Mass Balance Approach to Resolving LNAPL Stability. Journal of Ground Water, Vol 50, No. 6, pp. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00949.x

Mahler, N., T. Sale, T. Smith, and M. Lyverse (2012). Use of Single-Well Tracer Dilution Tests to Evaluate LNAPL Flux at Seven Field Sites, Journal of Ground Water, Vol 50, No. 6, pp 851-860. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00902.x

Smith, T., T. Sale, and M. Lyverse (2012). Measurement of LNAPL Flux Using Single-Well Intermittent Mixing Tracer Dilution Test. Journal of Ground Water, Vol 50, No. 6, pp 861-871. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00931.x

Chapman, S.W., B. L. Parker, T. C. Sale, and L. A. Doner (2012). Testing High Resolution Numerical Models for Analysis of Contaminant Storage and Release from Low Permeability Zones. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,;136-137:106-16. 2012 May 1. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2012.04.006 

Seyedabbasi M. A., C. J. Newell, D. T. Adamson, and T. C. Sale (2012). Relative Contribution of DNAPL Dissolution and Matrix Diffusion to the Long-Term Persistence of Chlorinated Solvent Source Zones. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Volume 134, p. 69-81. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2012.03.010 

Olson, M. R., T. C. Sale, C. D. Shackelford, C. Bozzini, and J. Skeean (2012). DNAPL Source Zone Remediation at Camp Lejeune via ZVI-Clay Soil Mixing: One-Year Results. Journal of Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, Volume 32, Issue 3, Pages 41–98. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2011.01391.x

Stroo, H., A. Leeson, J. Marqusee, P. Johnson, H. Ward, M. Kavanaugh, T. Sale, C. Newell, K. Pennell, C. Lebrón, M. Unger (2012). Chlorinated Ethene Source Remediation: Lessons Learned. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6438-6447. DOI:10.1021/es204714w


Shackelford, C.D. and T.C. Sale (2011). Using the ZVI-Clay Technology for Source Zone Remediation. American Society of Civil Engineers, GeoStrata, No. 2, Vol. 15 pp. 36-42.

Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T. (2011): Determination of hexamethylphosphoramide and other highly polar phosphoramides in water samples using reversed-phase liquid chromatography / electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1218 6426-6432. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2011.07.020

Blotevogel, J.; Mayeno, A.N.; Sale, T.C.; Borch, T. (2011): Prediction of Contaminant Persistence in Aqueous Phase: A Quantum Chemical Approach. Environmental Science & Technology 45 (6) 2236-2242. DOI:10.1021/es1028662 

Castelbaum, D.; Olson, M. R.; Sale, T. C.; Shackelford, C. D. (2011): Laboratory Apparatus and Procedures for Preparing Test Specimens of Slurry Mixed Soils. Geotechnical Testing Journal 34 (1) 18-26. DOI:10.1520/GTJ102981

Zimbron, J. A.; Reardon, K. F. (2011): Continuous combined Fenton’s oxidation and biodegradation for the treatment of pentachlorophenol-contaminated water. Water Research 45 (17) 5705-5714. DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2011.08.038 


Gilbert, D., T. Sale, and M. Petersen (2010). Electrolytic Reactive Barriers for Chlorinated Solvent Remediation (e-barriers), Chapter 17 in In Situ Remediation of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes. Editors H. Ward and H. Stroo. Springer, New York, pp. 573-589.

Sale, T. and C. Newell (2010). The Dependence of Plumes On Source Zones, Chapter 7 In Situ Remediation Of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes. Editors H. Ward and H. Stroo. Springer, New York, pp.85-117.

Blotevogel, J.; Borch, T.; Desyaterik, Y.; Mayeno, A.N.; Sale, T.C. (2010): Quantum chemical prediction of redox reactivity and degradation pathways for aqueous phase contaminants: An example with HMPA. Environmental Science & Technology 44 (15) 5868-5874. DOI:10.1021/es1006675 


Zimbron, J. A.; Reardon, K. F. (2009): Fenton’s oxidation of pentachlorophenol. Water Research, 43 (7) 1831-1840. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.01.024 


Blotevogel, J.; Reineke, A. K.; Hollender, J.; Held, T. (2008): Identification of NSO-Heterocyclic Priority Substances for Investigating and Monitoring Creosote-Contaminated Sites. Grundwasser 13 (3) 147-157. DOI:10.1007/s00767-008-0077-6

Sale, T.; Zimbron, J.; Dandy, D. (2008): Effects of Reduced Contaminant Loading on Downgradient Water Quality in an Idealized Two-Layer Granular Porous Media. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 102 (1-2) 72-85. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2008.08.002 


Petersen, M.A., T.C. Sale, K. F. Reardon (2007). Electrolytic Trichloroethene Degradation Using Mixed Metal Oxide Coated Titanium Mesh Electrodes. Chemosphere Volume 67, Issue 8, April 2007, Pages 1573-1581. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.11.056

Sale, T.; Ryan, T.; Gabriel, I.; Lyverse, M. (2007): Measurement of LNAPL flow using single-well tracer dilution techniques. Ground Water. 45 (5) 569-578. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00337. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00337.x 


Blotevogel, J.; Reineke, A. K.; Hollender, J.; Held, T. (2006): Monitoring of NSO-Heterocycles at Creosote-Contaminated Sites. Grundwasser 11 (4) 295-297. DOI:10.1007/s00767-006-0159-2


Fountain., J. ; L. Abriola; D. Ellis; T. Sale; et al. (2005). Contaminants in the Subsurface – Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. National Academy Press, Washington D.C. DOI:10.17226/11146

Gilbert, D.; Sale T. (2005): Sequential Electrolytic Oxidation and Reduction of Aqueous Phase Energetic Compounds. Environmental Science & Technology. 39 (23) 9270-9277. DOI:10.1021/es051452k 

Zimbron, J.; Reardon, K. F. (2005): Hydroxyl free radical reactivity towards chlorinated phenols. Water Research. 39 (5) 865-869. 


Han, B.; Zimbron, J.; Runnells, T.; Zheng S.; Wickramasinghe, R.; (2003): New arsenic standard spurs search for cost-effective removal techniques. Journal of American Water Works Association. 95 (10) 109-118. DOI:10.1002/j.1551-8833.2003.tb10478.x

Wickramasinghe, S. R.; Han, B.; Zimbron, J.; Zheng, S.; Karim, N. (2003): Arsenic removal by coagulation and filtration: Comparison of groundwaters from the United States and Bangladesh. Desalination. 169 (3) 231-244. DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2004.03.013


Han, B.; Runnells, T.; Zimbron, J.; Wickramasinghe, R. (2002): Arsenic removal from drinking water by flocculation and microfiltration. Desalination. 145 (1-3) 293-298. DOI:10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00425-3


Sale, T.; McWhorter, D. (2001): Steady state mass transfer from single-component dense nonaqueous phase liquids in uniform flow fields. Water Resources Research. 37 (2) 393-404. DOI:10.1029/2000WR900236  


Simpkin T., T. Sale, B. Kueper, M. Pitts and K. Wyatt (1999). Surfactants and Cosolvents for NAPL Remediation: A Technology Practices Manual, ATDF. Editors: Lowe, D.F., K., Oubre, C.L., Ward, C.H. Lewis Publishers.


Sale, T.; Applegate, D. (1997): Mobile NAPL recovery: Conceptual, field, and mathematical considerations. Ground Water. 35 (3) 418-426. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1997.tb00101.


Sale, T.; Applegate, D. (1996): Oil recovery at a former wood-treating facility. Water Environment Research. 68 (7) 1116-1122. DOI:10.2175/106143096X128513

Peer Reviewed Government/Industry Technical Reports

Sale, T. and H. Hopkins (2016). Updated Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Managing Risk at LNAPL Sites, American Petroleum Institute, Soils and Groundwater Research Bulletin No. 18. Accepted Under Revision.

Sale, T., S. Kiaalhosseini, M. Olson, and R. Johnson (2015). Third-Generation (3G) Site Characterization: Cryogenic Core Collection and High-Throughput Core Analysis, An Addendum to Management of Contaminants Stored in Low Permeability Zones: A State-of-the-Science Review. SERDP Project ER-1740.

Sale, T., B. Parker, C. Newell, J.F. Devlin, D. Adamson, S. Chapman, and K. Saller. (2013) Management of Contaminants Stored in Low Permeability Zones: A State-of-the-Science Review. SERDP Project ER-1740, 348 pp, 2013.

Sale, Tom and Chuck Newell (2011). Guide for Selecting Remedies for Subsurface Releases of Chlorinated Solvents, Project Report Prepared for the Environmental Security Testing Certification and Program.

Sale, T., M. Olson, D. Gilbert and M. Petersen (2010). Cost and Performance Report for Field Demonstration/Validation of Electrolytic Reactive Barriers for Energetic Compounds at Pueblo Chemical Depot, Prepared for the U.S. DoD ESTCP.Project ER-200519.

Sale, T., C. Newell, H. Stroo, R. Hinchee and P. Johnson (2008). Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Management of Chlorinated Solvent in Soils and Groundwater, Developed for the Environmental Security Testing and Certification Program (ER-200530).

Sale, T., T. Illangasekare, J. Zimbron, D. Rodriguez, B. Wilking, and F. Marinelli (2007). AFCEE Source Zone Initiative, Project Report Developed For The Air Force Center For Environmental Excellence.

USEPA (2003). The DNAPL Remediation Challenge: Is There a Case for Source Depletion? USEPA\600\R-03\143.

Sale, T. (2003). Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Managing Risk at LNAPL Sites, American Petroleum Institute, Soils and Groundwater Research Bulletin No. 18.

Sale, T. (2001). Methods for Determining Inputs to Environmental Petroleum Hydrocarbon Mobility and Recovery Models, American Petroleum Institute Publication No. 4711.

Glass J., H. Hopkins, T. Sale, J. de Albuquerque, and others (1992). Pump and Treat: The Petroleum Industry Perspective. American Petroleum Institute Publication 4561. December.


Tom Sale, Rick Johnson, Rick Rogers, and Steve Albers, Saeed Kiaalhoseinni (2016). Full Patent Application for Cryogenic Core Collection. Submitted March, 2016.

Saeed Kiaalhoseinni, Tom Sale, Steve Albers, Jens Blotevogel, and Elliot Grunewald (2015). Provisional patent for NMR Measurement of Frozen Samples. Submitted March 18, 2015.

Sale, T. and Emily Stockwell (2015), Device and Method for Subsurface Thermal Flux Measurement, US Patent Pending. Submitted February 16, 2015.

Zimbron, J., T. Sale, and M. Lyverse (2014). Oleophilic Bio-Barriers for Controlling NAPL Migration. Pending U.S. Patent. Submitted September 12, 2014.

Zimbron, J., T. Sale, and M. Lyverse (2014). Gas Flux Measurement Using Traps, Pending U.S. Patent US Patent 8,714034 B2. May 6, 2014.

Sale, T., T. Smith and M. Lyverse (2011). Measurement of Liquid Flow in Porous Media by Tracer Dilution without Continuous Mixing, U.S. Patent 7,861,601 B2, Jan 4, 2011.

Sale, T. G. Taylor, and M. Lyverse (2007). Measurement of Nonaqueous Phase Liquid Flow in Porous Media by Tracer Dilution, U.S. Patent 2007/0113676A1.

Sale, T. and D. Gilbert (2004). Redox Water Treatment System. U.S. Patent 6,709,567 B1.

Sale, T.C. and D.M. Gilbert (2002). Redox Water Treatment System. U.S. Patent 6,342,150 B1.