Dr. William R Cotton

Publications

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  books Top
5 Levin, Z. and W. R. Cotton, 2009: Aerosol pollution impact on precipitation: A scientific review. Report from the WMO/IUGG International Aerosol Precipitation Science Assessment Group (IAPSAG), Springer, 386 pp. 2009
4 Cotton, W.R., 2008: Weather and Climate Engineering. In Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation, Heintzenberg, J., and R.J. Charlson, eds., Strüngmann Forum Report, vol. 2, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 2008
3 Levin, Z. and W. R. Cotton, 2009: Aerosol pollution impact on precipitation: A scientific review. Report from the WMO/IUGG International Aerosol Precipitation Science Assessment Group (IAPSAG), Springer, 386 pp. 2008
2 Cotton, W.R. and R.A. Pielke, Sr., 2007: Human Impacts on Weather and Climate, 2nd edition, Cambridge Univ. Press. 2007
1 Levin, Z. and W. R. Cotton, 2008: Aerosol pollution impact on precipitation: A scientific review. Report from the WMO/IUGG International Aerosol Precipitation Science Assessment Group (IAPSAG), World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 482 pp. 2007
 
  Refereed Journal Articles Top
192 Carrio, G.G, and W.R. Cotton, Urban growth and aerosol effects on convection over Houston. Part II: Dependence of aerosol effects on instability. Atmospheric Research, In Press 2011
191 Ward, D.S. and W.R. Cotton. 2011: A method for forecasting CCN using predictions of aerosol physical and chemical properties from WRF/Chem. JACM, In Press 2011
190 Lerach, D. G., and W. R. Cotton, 2011: Comparing aerosol and low-level moisture influences on supercell tornadogenesis: idealized simulations. JAS Submitted 2011
189 Carrio, G.G, and W.R. Cotton, 2011:Investigations of aerosol impacts on hurricanes: virtual seeding flights. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 1–31, 2010 2011
188 Cotton et al., 2011: The rise and fall of HAMP: J of Weather Modification Association. In Press 2011
187 Ward, D.S. and W.R. Cotton, 2010: Cold and transition season cloud condensation nuclei measurements in western Colorado. Cold and transition season cloud condensation nuclei measurements in western Colorado. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 10, C11358–C11361. 2010
186 carCarrio, G.G, and W.R. Cotton, 2011:Investigations of aerosol impacts on hurricanes: virtual seeding flights. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 1–31, 2010 2010
185 sSaleeby, S.M., W.R. Cotton, and J.D. Fuller. 2010: The Cumulative Impact of Cloud Droplet Nucleating Aerosols on Orographic Snowfall in Colorado. JAMC, 1-57. 2010
184 Saleeby, S.M., W.R. Cotton, and J.D. Fuller. 2010: The Cumulative Impact of Cloud Droplet Nucleating Aerosols on Orographic Snowfall in Colorado. JAMC, 1-57. 2010
183 Carrio,G., W. R. Cotton, Y. Y. Cheng, 2009: Effects of the urban growth of Houston on convection and precipitation. Part I: the August 24, 2000 case, Atmospheric Research, 2009
182 Jirak, I.L., and W.R. Cotton, 2009: Reply. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 356-360. 2009
181 Cheng, William Y.Y., Gustavo G. Carrio, and William R. Cotton, 2009: Influence of atmospheric aerosols on the development of precipitating trade wind cumuli. J. Geophysical Research, 114, D08201, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011011. 2009
180 Carrio, G., W. R. Cotton, and Y. Y. Cheng, 2009: Effects of the urban growth of Houston on convection and precipitation, Part II: Their dependence on convective instability., Atmospheric Research. 2009
179 Saleeby, S.M., and W.R. Cotton, 2008: A binned approach to cloud droplet riming implemented in a bulk microphysics model. J. Appl. Met. Climatol., 47, 694-703. 2008
178 Carrió, G.G., W.R. Cotton, D. Zupanski, J. Zupanski, 2008: Development of an aerosol retrieval method: Description and Preliminary results. J. Appl. Met. Climatol.,47, 2760-2776. 2008
177 Lerach, David G., Brian J. Gaudet, and William R. Cotton, 2008: Idealized simulations of aerosol influences on tornadogenesis. Geophys. Res. Ltrs., 35, L23806, doi:10.1029/2008GL035617. 2008
176 Cheng, William Y.Y.,, Gustavo G. Carrio, Vincent E. Larson, and William R. Cotton, 2008: Interfacing a Higher Order Closure Boundary Layer Cloud Parameterization Scheme Using Probability Density Functions in the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System. Submitted to Geophys. Res. Ltrs. 2008
175 Saleeby, S.M., W.R. Cotton, D. Lowenthal, R.D. Borys, M.A. Wetzel, 2009: Influence of cloud condensation nuclei on orographic snowfall. Submitted to J. Appl. Met. Clim. 2008
174 Saleeby, S.M. and W.R. Cotton, 2007: Impact of soil moisture variability on simulated North American warm season precipitation. Geophys. Res. Ltrs., submitted. 2007
173 Carrio, G.G., S.C. van den Heever, and W.R. Cotton, 2007: Impacts of nucleating aerosol on anvil-cirrus clouds: A modeling study. Atmos. Res., 84, 111-131. 2007
172 van den Heever, S., and W. R. Cotton, 2007: Urban aerosol impacts on downwind convective storms. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 828-850. 2007
171 Jirak, I. L. and W. R. Cotton, 2007: Observational analysis of the predictability of mesoscale convective systems. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 813-838. 2007
170 Cotton, W.R., H. Zhang, G.M. McFarquhar, and S.M. Saleeby, 2007: Should we consider polluting hurricanes to reduce their intensity? J. Wea. Mod., 39, 70-73. 2007
169 Saleeby, S.M., W.Y.Y. Cheng, and W.R. Cotton, 2007: New developments in the regional atmospheric modeling system suitable for simulations of snowpack augmentation over complex terrain. J. Wea. Mod., 39, 37-49. 2007
168 Hindman, Edward E. (Ward), Stephen M. Saleeby, Olivier Liechti, and William R. Cotton, 2007: A meteorological system for planning and analyzing soaring flights in Colorado USA. Tech. Soaring, 31, 68-78. 2007
167 Zhang H., G. M. McFarquhar, S. M. Saleeby, W. R. Cotton, 2007: Impacts of Saharan dust as CCN on the evolution of an idealized tropical cyclone. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14812, doi:10.1029/2007GL029876. 2007
166 Cotton, W.R., 2007: Cloud seeding concepts. Southwest Hydrology, 6, 16-17. 2007
165 Gaudet, B.J., and W.R. Cotton, 2006: Low-level mesocyclonic concentration by non-axisymmetric processes. Part I: Supercell and mesocyclone evolution. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 1113-1133. 2006
164 Gaudet, B.J., W.R. Cotton, and M.T. Montgomery, 2006: Low-level mesocyclonic concentration by non-axisymmetric processes. Part II: Vorticity dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 1134-1150. 2006
163 Van den Heever, S.C., G.G. Carrio, W.R. Cotton, P.J. DeMott, and A.J. Prenni, 2006: Impacts of nucleating aerosol on Florida storms. Part I: Mesoscale Simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 1752-1775. 2006
162 Cotton, W.R., R. McAnelly, G. Carrio, P. Mielke, and C. Hartzell, 2006: Simulations of snowpack augmentation in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. J. Wea. Mod., 38, 58-65. 2006
161 Freitas, E.D., C.M. Rozoff, W.R. Cotton, and P.L. Silva Dias, 2006: Interactions of urban heat island and sea breeze circulations during winter over the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo -- Brazil. Boundary-Layer Met., doi 10.1007/s10546-006-9091-3. 2006
160 van den Heever, S.C., G.G. Carrio, W.R. Cotton, P.J. DeMott, and A.J. Prenni, 2006: Impacts of Nuecleating Aerosol on Florida Storms. Part I: Measoscale Simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 1752-1775. 2006
159 Jirak, I. L. and W. R. Cotton, 2006: Effect of Air Pollution on Precipitation along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. J. Appl. Meteor., 45, 236-245. 2006
158 Jiang, H., and W.R. Cotton, 2005: A diagnostic study of subgrid-scale activation. J. Geophys Res., 110, D16107, doi:1029/2004JD005722.. 2005
157 Carrio, G.G., H. Jiang, and W.R. Cotton, 2005a: Impact of aerosol intrusions on Arctic boundary layer clouds. Part I: 4 May 1998 case. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 3082-3093. 2005
156 Carrió, G.G., H. Jiang, and W.R. Cotton, 2005b: Impact of aerosol intrusions on Arctic boundary layer clouds. Part II: Multi-month simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 3094-3105. 2005
155 Saleeby, S.M., and W.R. Cotton, 2005: A large droplet mode and prognostic number concentration of cloud droplets in the Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). Part II: Sensitivity to a winter snowfall event over Colorado. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 1912-1929. 2005
154 Larson, V.E., J-C. Golaz, H. Jiang, and W.R. Cotton: 2005: Supplying local microphysics parameterizations with information about subgrid variability: Latin hypercube sampling. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 4010-4026. 2005
153 Wetzel, Melaine, Michael Meyers, Randolph Borys, Ray McAnelly, William Cotton, Andrew Rossi, Paul Frisbie, Davic Nadler, Douglas, Lowenthal, Stephen Cohn, and William Brown, 2004: Mesoscale Snowfall Prediction and Verification in Mountanious Terrain. Weather and Forecasting, 19, 806-828 2004
152 Saleeby, S.M., and W.R. Cotton, 2004a: A large droplet mode and prognostic number concentration of cloud droplets in the RAMS@CSU model. Part I: Module descriptions and supercell test simulations. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 182-195. 2004
151 Saleeby, S.M. and W.R. Cotton, 2004b: Simulations of the North American monsoon system. Part I: Model analysis of the 1993 monsoon season. J. Climate, 17, 1997-2018. 2004
150 Van den Heever, S.C., and W.R. Cotton, 2004: The impact of hail size on simulated supercell storms. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1596-1609. 2004
149 Davis, C., N. Atkins, D. Bartels, L. Bosart, M. Coniglio, G. Bryan, W. Cotton, D. Dowell, B. Jewett, R. Johns, D. Jorgensen, J. Knievel, K. Knupp, W-C. Lee, G. McFarquhar, J. Moore, R. Przybylinski, R. Rauber, B. Smull, R. Trapp, S. Trier, R. Wakimoto, M. Weisman, and C. Ziegler, 2004: The Bow Echo and MCV Experiment. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 85, 1075-1093. 2004
148 Jiang, H., and W.R. Cotton, 2004: Soil moisture estimation using an artificial neural network: A feasibility study. Canadian J. Remote Sensing, 30, 827-839. Wetzel, Melanie, Michael Meyers, Randolph Borys, Ray McAnelly, William Cotton, Andrew Rossi, Paul Frisbie, Davic Nadler, Douglas Lowenthal, Stephen Cohn, and William Brown, 2004: Mesoscale snowfall prediction and verification in mountainous terrain. Weather and Forecasting, 19, 806-828. 2004
147 Mukhopadhyay, P., J. Sanjay, W. R. Cotton and S. S. Singh, 2004: Impact of surface meteorological observations on RAMS forecast of monsoon weather systems over Indian region. Met. Atmos. Phys., 90, 77-108 (DOI 10.1007/s00703-004-0090-y). 2004
146 Cheng, W.Y.Y., and W.R. Cotton, 2004: Sensitivity of a cloud-resolving simulation of the genesis of a mesoscale convective system to horizontal heterogeneities in soil moisture initialization. J. Hydromet., 5, 934-958. 2004
145 Garstang, M., R. Bruintjes, R. Serafin, H. Orville, B. Boe, W. Cotton, and J. Warburton, 2004: Weather modification: Finding common ground. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 86, 647-655. 2004
144 Hindman, Edward E., Ray L. McAnelly, William R. Cotton, Todd Pattist, and Richard M. Worthington, 2004: An Unusually High Summertime Wave Flight. Technical Soaring, 28, 7-23. 2004
143 Cheng, W.Y.Y., and W.R. Cotton, 2004: Sensitivity of a cloud-resolving simulation of the genesis of a mesoscale convective system to horizontal heterogeneities in soil moisture initialization. J. Hydromet., 5, 934-958. 2004
142 Cotton, W.R., R.A. Pielke, Sr., R.L. Walko, G.E. Liston, C.J. Tremback, H. Jiang, R.L. McAnelly, J.Y. Harrington, M.E. Nicholls, G.G. Carri?, J.P. McFadden, 2003: RAMS 2001: Current status and future directions. Meteor. Atmos Physics, 82, 5-29 2003
141 Cotton, W.R., 2003: Cloud models: Their evolution and future challenges. Meteor. Monogr., 29, 95-105. 2003
140 Rozoff, C.M., W.R. Cotton, and J.O. Adegoke, 2003: Simulation of St. Louis, Missouri land use impacts on thunderstorms. J. Appl. Met., 42, 716-738. 2003
139 Jirak, I.L., W.R. Cotton, and R.L. McAnelly, 2003: Satellite and radar survey of mesoscale convective system development. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2428-2449. 2003
138 Wood, R., P.R. Field, W.R. Cotton, 2002: Autoconversion rate bias in stratiform boundary layer cloud parameterizations. Atmos. Res., 65, 109-128. 2002
137 Larson, V.E., J.-C. Golaz, and W.R. Cotton, 2002: Small-scale and mesoscale variability in cloudy boundary layers: Joint probability density functions. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 3519-3539. 2002
136 Jiang, H., G. Feingold, W.R. Cotton, 2002: Simulations of aerosol-cloud-dynamical feedbacks resulting from entrainment of aerosol into the marine boundary layer during ASTEX. J. Geophys. Res.,107, D24, 4813, doi:10.1029/2001JD001502. 2002
135 Golaz, J-C., V.E. Larson, W.R. Cotton, 2002a: A PDF-based model for boundary layer clouds. Part I: Method and model description. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 3540-3551. 2002
134 Golaz, J-C., V.E. Larson, W.R. Cotton, 2002b: A PDF-based model for boundary layer clouds. Part II: Model results. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 3552-3571. 2002
133 Larson, V.E., R. Wood, P.R. Field, J.C. Golaz, T. H. Vonder- Haar, W.R. Cotton, 2001: Systematic biases in the microphysics and thermodynamics of numerical models that ignore subgrid-scale variability. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1117-1128. 2001
132 Jiang, H., G. Feingold, W.R. Cotton, and P.G. Duynkerke, 2001: Large-eddy simulations of entrainment of cloud condensation nuclei into the Arctic boundary layer: 18 May 1998 FIRE/SHEBA case study. J. Geophys. Res., 106, D14, 15,113-15,122. 2001
131 Finley, C.A., W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 2001: Numerical simulation of tornadogenesis in a high-precipitation supercell. Part I: Storm evolution and transition into a bow echo. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1,597-1,629. 2001
130 Golaz, J.-C., H. Jiang, and W.R. Cotton, 2001: A large-eddy simulation study of cumulus clouds over land and sensitivity to soil moisture. Atmos. Res., 59-60, 373-392. 2001
129 Larson, V.E., R. Wood, P.R. Field, J.-C. Golaz, T. H. Vonder Haar, and W.R. Cotton, 2001b: Small-scale and mesoscale variability of scalars in cloudy boundary layers: One-dimensional probability density functions. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1978-1996. 2001
128 Costa, A.A., W.R. Cotton, R.L. Walko, R.A. Pielke, Sr., and H. Jiang, 2001: SST sensitivities in multi-day TOGA-COARE cloud-resolving simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 253-268. 2001
127 Cheng , W.Y.Y., T. Wu, and W.R. Cotton, and, 2001: Large-eddy simulations of the 26 November 1991 FIRE II cirrus case. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1017-1034. 2001
126 Nachamkin, J., R.L. McAnelly, and W.R. Cotton, 2000: Interaction between a developing mesoscale convective system and its environment. Part I. Observational Analysis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 1205-1224. 2000
125 Nachamkin, J., W.R. Cotton, 2000: Interaction between a developing mesoscale convective system and its environment. Part II. Numerical simulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 1225-1244. 2000
124 Walko, R.L., W.R. Cotton, G. Feingold, and B. Stevens, 2000: Efficient computation of vapor and heat diffusion between hydrometeors in a numerical model. Atmos. Res., 53, 171-183. 2000
123 Harrington, J.Y., G. Feingold, W.R. Cotton, and S.M. Kreidenweis, 2000: Radiative impacts on the growth of a population of drops within simulated summertime Arctic stratus. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 766-785. 2000
122 Jiang, H., W.R. Cotton, J.O. Pinto, J.A. Curry, and M.J. Weissbluth, 2000: Cloud resolving simulations of mixed-phase Arctic stratus observed during BASE: Sensitivity to concentration of ice crystals and large-scale heat and moisture advection. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2105-2117. 2000
121 Bernardet, L.R., L.D. Grasso, J.E. Nachamkin, C.A. Finley, and W.R. Cotton, 2000: Simulating convective events using a high-resolution mesoscale model. J. Geophys. Res., 105, D11, 14,963-14,982. 2000
120 Wu, T., W.R. Cotton, and W.Y.Y. Cheng, 2000: Radiative effects on the diffusional growth of ice particles in cirrus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2892-2904. 2000
119 Jiang, H., and W.R. Cotton, 2000: Large-eddy simulation of shallow cumulus convection during BOMEX: Sensitivity to microphysics and radiation. J. Atmos. Sci, 57, 582-594. 2000
118 Harrington, J.Y., T. Reisin, W.R. Cotton, and S.M. Kreidenweis, 1999: Cloud resolving simulations of Arctic stratus. Part II: Transition-season clouds. Atmos. Res., 55, 45-75. 1999
117 Bretherton, C.S., M.K. MacVean, P. Bechtold, A. Chlond, W.R. Cotton, J. Cuxart, H. Cuijpers, M. Khairoutdinov, B. Kosovic, D. Lewellen, C.-H. Moeng, P. Siebesma, B. Stevens, D.E. Stevens, I. Sykes, and M.C. Wyant, 1999: An intercomparison of radiatively driven entrainment and turbulence in a smoke cloud, as simulated by different numerical models. Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 125, 391-423. 1999
116 Feingold, G., W.R. Cotton, S.M. Kreidenweis, and J.T. Davis, 1999: The impact of giant cloud condensation nuclei on drizzle formation in stratocumulus: Implications for cloud radiative properties. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 4100-4117. 1999
115 Feingold, G., A.S. Frisch, B. Stevens, and W.R. Cotton, 1999: The stratocumulus-capped boundary layer as viewed by K(-band radar, microwave radiometer and lidar. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 22,195-22,203. 1999
114 Alexander, G. David, and William R. Cotton, 1998: The use of cloud-resolving simulations of mesoscale convective systems to build a convective parameterization scheme. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 2137-2161. 1998
113 Olsson, P.Q., J.Y. Harrington, G. Feingold, W.R. Cotton, and S. Kreidenweis, 1998: Exploratory cloud-resolving simulations of boundary layer Arctic stratus clouds. Part I: Warm season clouds. Atmos. Res., 47-48, 573-597. 1998
112 Stevens, B., W.R. Cotton, and G. Feingold, 1998: A critique of one-and two-dimensional models of boundary layer clouds with a binned representation of drop microphysics. J. Atmos. Res., 47-48, 529-533. 1998
111 Bernardet, L.R., and W.R. Cotton, 1998: Multi-scale evolution of a derecho-producing MCS. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 2991-3015. 1998
110 Gaudet, B., and W.R. Cotton, 1998: Statistical characteristics of a real-time precipitation forecasting model. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 966-982. 1998
109 Feingold, G., R.L. Walko, B. Stevens, and W.R. Cotton, 1998: Simulations of marine stratocumulus using a new microphysical parameterization scheme. Atmos. Res., 47-48, 505-528. 1998
108 Feingold, G., S. Yang, R.M. Hardesty, and W.R. Cotton, 1998: Feasibility of retrieving cloud condensation nucleus properties from Doppler cloud radar, microwave radiometer, and lidar. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 15, 1188-1195. 1998
107 Stevens, B., W.R. Cotton, G. Feingold, and C.-H. Moeng, 1998: Large-eddy simulations of strongly precipitating, shallow, stratocumulus-topped boundary layers. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 3616-3638. 1998
106 Olsson, P.Q., and W.R. Cotton, 1997a: Balanced and unbalanced circulations in a primitive equation simulation of a midlatitude MCC. Part I: The numerical simulation. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 457-478. 1997
105 Olsson, P.Q., and W.R. Cotton, 1997b: Balanced and unbalanced circulations in a primitive equation simulation of a midlatitude MCC. Part II: Analysis of balance. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 479-497. 1997
104 McAnelly, R.L., J.E. Nachamkin, W.R. Cotton, and M.E. Nicholls, 1997: Upscale evolution of MCSs: Doppler radar analysis and analytical investigation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1083-1110. 1997
103 Meyers, M.P., R.L. Walko, J.Y. Harrington, and W.R. Cotton, 1997: New RAMS cloud microphysics prameterization. Part II: The two-moment scheme. Atmos. Res., 45, 3-39. 1997
102 Smith, R., J. Paegle, T. Clark, W. Cotton, D. Durran, G. Forbes, J. Marwitz, C. Mass, J. McGinley, H.-L. Pan, and M. Ralph, 1997: Local and remote effects of mountains on weather: Research needs and opportunities. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 877-892. 1997
101 Feingold, G., R. Boers, B. Stevens, and W.R. Cotton, 1997: A modeling study of the effect of drizzle on cloud optical depth and susceptibility. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 13,527-13,534. 1997
100 Blanchard, D.O., W.R. Cotton, and J.M. Brown, 1998: Mesoscale circulation growth under conditions of weak inertial instability. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 118-140. 1997
99 Moeng, C.-H., W.R. Cotton, C. Bretherton, A. Chlond, M. Khairoutdinov, S. Krueger, W.S. Lewellen, M.K. MacVean, J.R.M. Pasquier, H.A. Rand, A.P. Siebesma, B. Stevens, and R.I. Sykes, 1996: Simulation of a stratocumulus-topped planetary boundary layer: Intercomparison among different numerical codes. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 77, 261-278. 1996
98 Stevens, B., R.L. Walko, and W.R. Cotton, 1996: The spurious production of cloud edge supersaturations by Eulerian models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 5, 1034-1041. 1996
97 Stevens, B., G. Feingold, W.R. Cotton, and R.L. Walko, 1996: Elements of the microphysical structure of numerically simulated stratocumulus. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 980-1006 1996
96 Feingold, G., B. Stevens, W.R. Cotton, and A.S. Frisch, 1996: The relationship between drop in-cloud residence time and drizzle production in numerically simulated stratocumulus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 1108-1122. 1996
95 Feingold, G., S.M. Kreidenweis, B. Stevens, and W.R. Cotton, 1996: Numerical simulations of stratocumulus processing of cloud condensation nuclei through collision-coalescence. J. Geophys. Res., 101, D16, 21391-21402. 1996
94 Yang, S., and W.R. Cotton, 1996: Universal approximation formulas of curvature correction and equilibrium of hygroscopic particles. J. Appl. Met., 35, 2261-2269. 1996
93 Duda, D.P., G.L. Stephens, B.B. Stevens, and W.R. Cotton, 1996: Effects of aerosol and horizontal inhomogeneity on the broadband albedo of marine stratus: Numerical simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 3757-3769. 1996
92 Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke, J.L. Eastman, C.A. Finley, W.A. Lyons, C.J. Tremback, R.L. Walko, and W.R. Cotton, 1995: Applications of the RAMS numerical model to dispersion over urban areas. In: Wind Climate in Cities, J.E. Cermak, Editor. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 703-732. 1995
91 Walko, R.L, W.R. Cotton, J.L. Harrington, M.P. Meyers, 1995: New RAMS cloud microphysics parameterization. Part I: The single-moment scheme. Atmos. Res., 38, 29-62. 1995
90 Meyers, Michael P., Paul J. DeMott and William R. Cotton, 1995: Comparison of seeded and non-seeded orographic cloud simulations with an explicit cloud model. J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 834-846. 1995
89 Grasso, Lewis D., and William R. Cotton, 1995: Numerical simulation of a tornado vortex. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 1192-1203 1995
88 Walko, Robert L., Craig J. Tremback, Roger A. Pielke, and William R. Cotton, 1995: An interactive nesting algorithm for stretched grids and variable nesting ratios. J. Appl. Met., 34, 994-999 1995
87 Cotton, William R., G. David Alexander, Rolf Hertenstein, Robert L. Walko, Ray L. McAnelly, and Melville Nicholls, 1995: Cloud Venting--A review and some new global annual estimates. Earth Science Rev., 39, 169-206. 1995
86 Harrington, Jerry Y., Michael P. Meyers, Robert L. Walko, and William R. Cotton, 1995: Parameterization of ice crystal conversion processes due to vapor deposition for mesoscale models using double-moment basis functions. Part I: Basic formulation and parcel model results. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 4344-4366. 1995
85 Mocko, David M., and William R. Cotton, 1995: Evaluation of fractional cloudiness parameterizations for use in a mesoscale model. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2884-2901. 1995
84 Cotton, William R., John F. Weaver, and Brian A. Beitler, 1995: An unusual summertime downslope wind event in Fort Collins, Colorado on 3 July 1993. J. Weather and Forecasting, 10, 786-797. 1995
83 DeMott, P.J., M.P. Meyers, and W.R. Cotton, 1994: Parameterization and impact of ice initiation processes relevant to numerical model simulations of cirrus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 77-90. 1994
82 Feingold, G., B. Stevens, W.R. Cotton, and R.L. Walko, 1994: An explicit cloud microphysics/LES model designed to simulate the Twomey effect. J. Atmos. Res., 33, 207-233. 1994
81 Nachamkin, Jason E., Ray L. McAnelly, and William R. Cotton, 1994: Observational analysis of a developing mesoscale convective complex. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 1168-1188. 1994
80 Cotton, W.R., G. Thompson, and P.W. Mielke, Jr., 1994: Real-time mesoscale prediction on workstations. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 75, 349-362. 1994
79 Bossert, James E. and William R. Cotton, 1994a: Regional-scale flows in mountainous terrain. Part I: A numerical and observational comparison. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 1449-1471. 1994
78 Bossert, James E. and William R. Cotton, 1994b: Regional-scale flows in mountainous terrain. Part II: Simplified numerical experiments. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 1472-1489. 1994
77 Alpert, P., H. Shafir, and W.R. Cotton, 1994: Prediction of Meso-gamma scale orographic precipitation. Trends in Hydrology, 1, 403-441. 1994
76 Weissbluth, M.J., and W.R. Cotton, 1993: The representation of convection in mesoscale models. Part I: Scheme fabrication and calibration. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 3852-3872. 1993
75 Verlinde, J., and W.R. Cotton, 1993: Fitting microphysical observations of non-steady convective clouds to a numerical model: An application of the adjoint technique of data assimilation to a kinematic model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 2776-2793. 1993
74 Heckman, S.T., and W.R. Cotton, 1993: Mesoscale numerical simulation of cirrus clouds---FIRE case study and sensitivity analysis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 2264-2284. 1993
73 Hadfield, M.G., W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 1992: Large-eddy simulations of thermally forced circulations in the convective boundary layer. Part II: The effect of changes in wavelength and wind speed. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 58, 307-327. 1992
72 Meyers, M.P., and W.R. Cotton, 1992: Evaluation of the potential for wintertime quantitative precipitation forecasting over mountainous terrain with an explicit cloud model. Part I: Two-dimensional sensitivity experiments. J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 26-50. 1992
71 Walko, R.L., W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 1992: Large eddy simulations of the effects of hilly terrain on the convective boundary layer. Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 53, 133-150. 1992
70 Meyers, M.P., P.J. DeMott, and W.R. Cotton, 1992: New primary ice nucleation parameterizations in an explicit cloud model. J. Appl. Met., 31, 708-721. 1992
69 Cram, J.M., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1992a: Numerical simulation and analysis of a prefrontal squall line. Part I: Observations and basic simulation results. J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 189-208. 1992
68 Cram, J.M., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1992b: Numerical simulation and analysis of a prefrontal squall line. Part II: Propagation of the squall line as an internal gravity wave. J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 209-225. 1992
67 Fortune, M.A., W.R. Cotton, and R.L. McAnelly, 1992: Frontal-wave-like evolution in some mesoscale convective complexes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 1279-1300. 1992
66 McAnelly, R.L., and W.R. Cotton, 1992: Early growth of mesoscale convective complexes: A meso-b-scale cycle of convective precipitation? Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 1851-1877. 1992
65 Flatau, P.J., R.L. Walko, and W.R. Cotton, 1992: Polynomial fits to saturation vapor pressure. J. Appl. Met., 31, 1507-1513. 1992
64 Pielke, R.A., W.R. Cotton, R.L. Walko, C.J. Tremback, W.A. Lyons, L.D. Grasso, M.E. Nicholls, M.D. Moran, D.A. Wesley, T.J. Lee, and J.H. Copeland, 1992: A comprehensive meteorological modeling system -- RAMS. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 49, 69-91. 1992
63 Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1991: A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the interaction between sea-breezes and deep convection over the Florida Peninsula. Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 298-323. 1991
62 Peterson, T.C., L.O. Grant, W.R. Cotton, and D.C. Rogers, 1991: The effect of decoupled low-level flow on winter orographic clouds and precipitation in the Yampa River Valley. J. Appl. Meteor., 30, 368-386. 1991
61 Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1991: Thermally forced gravity waves in an atmosphere at rest. J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 1869-1884. 1991
60 Hadfield, M.G., W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 1991: Large-eddy simulations of thermally forced circulations in the convective boundary layer. Part I: A small-scale, circulation with zero wind. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 57, 79-114. 1991
59 Ye, Jiadong, Beifen Fan, W.R. Cotton, and M.A. Fortune, 1991: Observational study of microphysics in the stratiform region and transition region of a midlatitude mesoscale convective complex. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 5, 527-540. 1991
58 B.-F. Fan, Yeh, J.-D., W.R. Cotton and G.J. Tripoli, 1990: Numerical simulation of microphysics in meso-b-scale convective cloud system associated with a mesoscale convective complex. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 7, 154-170. 1990
57 Verlinde, J. and W.R. Cotton, 1990: Mesoscale vortex-couplet observed in the trailing anvil of a multi-cellular convective complex. Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 993-1010. 1990
56 Schmidt, J.M. and W.R. Cotton, 1990: Interactions between upper and lower tropospheric gravity waves on squall line structure and maintenance. J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1205-1222. 1990
55 Ryan, B.F., G.J. Tripoli, and W.R. Cotton, 1990: Convection in high based stratiform cloud bands: Some numerical experiments. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 116, 943-964. 1990
54 Verlinde, J., P.J. Flatau, and W.R. Cotton, 1990: Analytical solutions to the collection growth equation: Comparison with approximate methods and application to cloud microphysics parameterization schemes. J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 2871-2880. 1990
53 Tripoli, G., and W.R. Cotton, 1989b: A numerical study of an observed orogenic mesoscale convective system. Part 2. Analysis of governing dynamics. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 305-328. 1989
52 Schmidt, J.M., and W.R. Cotton, 1989: A High Plains squall line associated with severe surface winds. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 281-302. 1989
51 Cotton, W.R., Lin, M.-S., R.L. McAnelly, and C.J. Tremback, 1989: A composite model of mesoscale convective complexes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 765-783. 1989
50 McAnelly, R.L., and W.R. Cotton, 1989: The precipitation life cycle of mesoscale convective complexes over the central United States. Mon. Wea. Rev.. 117, 784-808. 1989
49 Weissbluth, M.J. and W.R. Cotton, 1989: Radiative and nonlinear influences on orographic gravity wave drag. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 2518-2534. 1989
48 Tripoli, G., and W.R. Cotton, 1989a: A numerical study of an observed orogenic mesoscale convective system. Part 1. Simulated genesis and comparison with observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 273-304 1989
47 Nicholls, M.E., R.H. Johnson, and W.R. Cotton, 1988: The sensitivity of two-dimensional simulations of tropical squall lines to environmental profiles. J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 3625-3649. 1988
46 Hadfield, M.G., W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 1988: Comments on ``An analysis of closures for pressure-scalar covariances in the convective boundary layer." J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1970-1972. 1988
45 Chen, S., and W.R. Cotton, 1988: The sensitivity of a simulated extratropical mesoscale convective system to longwave radiation and ice-phase microphysics. J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 3897-3910. 1988
44 Flatau, P.J., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1988: Application of symbolic algebra to the generation of coordinate transformations. Environmental Software, 3, 158-160. 1988
43 Flatau, P.J., R.A. Pielke, and W.R. Cotton, 1988: Application of symbolic algebra to the generation of coordinate transformations. Environmental Software, 3, 158-160. 1988
42 Tremback, C.J., J. Powell, W.R. Cotton, and R.A. Pielke, 1987: The forward-in-time upstream advection scheme: Extension to higher orders. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 540-555. 1987
41 Knupp, K.R. and W.R. Cotton, 1987: Internal structure of a small mesoscale convective system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 629-645. 1987
40 Chen, C. and W.R. Cotton, 1987: The physics of the marine stratocumulus-capped mixed layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 2951-2977. 1987
39 Tripoli, G.J. and W.R. Cotton, 1986: An intense, quasi-steady thunderstorm over mountainous terrain Part IV: Three-dimensional numerical simulation. J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 894-913. 1986
38 Cotton, W.R., G.J. Tripoli, R.M. Rauber, and E.A. Mulvihill, 1986: Numerical simulation of the effects of varying ice crystal nucleation rates and aggregation processes on orographic snowfall. J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 1658-1680. 1986
37 McAnelly, R.L., and W.R. Cotton, 1986: Meso-b-scale characteristics of an episode of meso-a-scale convective complexes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 1740-1770. 1986
36 Knupp, K.R. and W.R. Cotton, 1985: Convective cloud downdrafts - An interpretive survey. Rev. Space Phys. Geophys., 23, 183-215. 1985
35 Cotton, W.R., 1985: Atmospheric convection and nuclear winter. American Scientist, 73, 275-280. 1985
34 Levy, G. and W.R. Cotton, 1984: A numerical investigation of mechanisms linking glaciation of the ice-phase to the boundary layer. J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 1505-1519. 1984
33 Borys, R.D., K. Tan, and W. Cotton, 1983: Ultralight sounder: An airborne system for studying the planetary boundary layer. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 64, 338-345. 1983
32 Chen, C. and W.R. Cotton, 1983: A one-dimensional simulation of the stratocumulus-capped mixed layer. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 25, 289-321. 1983
31 Chen, C. and W.R. Cotton, 1983: Numerical experiments with a one-dimensional higher order turbulence model: Simulation of the Wangara Day 33 Case. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 25, 375-404. 1983
30 Cotton, William R., Raymond L. George, Peter J. Wetzel, and Ray L. McAnelly, 1983: A long-lived mesoscale convective complex. Part I - The mountain generated component. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1893-1918. 1983
29 Wetzel, P.J., W.R. Cotton and R.L. McAnelly, 1983: A long-lived mesoscale convective complex. Part II: Evolution and structure of the mature complex Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1919-1937. 1983
28 Cotton, William R., 1982: Modification of precipitation from warm clouds -- A review. Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 63, 146-160. 1982
27 Cotton, W.R., R.L. George, and K.R. Knupp, 1982: An intense, quasi-steady thunderstorm over mountainous terrain -- Part I: Evolution of the mesoscale circulation. J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 328-342. 1982
26 Knupp, Kevin R., and William R. Cotton, 1982: An intense, quasi-steady thunderstorm over mountainous terrain -- Part II: Doppler radar observations of the storm morphological structure. J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 343-358. 1982
25 Knupp, Kevin R., and William R. Cotton, 1982: An intense, quasi-steady thunderstorm over mountainous terrain -- Part III: Doppler radar observations of the turbulence structure. J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 359-368. 1982
24 Tripoli, G.J., and W.R. Cotton, 1982: The Colorado State University three-dimensional cloud/mesoscale model -- 1982. Part I: General theoretical framework and sensitivity experiments. J. de Rech. Atmos., 16, 185-220. 1982
23 Cotton, W.R., M.A. Stephens, T. Nehrkorn and G.J. Tripoli, 1982: The Colorado State University three-dimensional cloud/mesoscale model -- 1982. Part II: An ice phase parameterization. J. de Rech. Atmos., 16, 295-320. 1982
22 Banta, R., and W.R. Cotton, 1981: An analysis of the structure of local wind systems in a broad mountain basin. J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 1255-1266. 1981
21 Tripoli, G.J., and W.R. Cotton, 1981: The use of ice-liquid water potential temperature as a thermodynamic variable in deep atmospheric models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1094-1102. 1981
20 Tripoli, G.J., and W.R. Cotton, 1980: A numerical investigation of several factors contributing to the observed variable intensity of deep convection over South Florida. J. Appl. Meteor., 19, 1037-1063. 1980
19 Banta, R., and W.R. Cotton, 1980: On computing average cloud-water quantities in a partially-cloudy region. J. Rech. Atmos., 14, 487-494. 1980
18 Cotton, W.R., 1979: Cloud Physics: A review for 1975-1978 IUGG Quadrennial Report. Reviews of Geophys. and Space Phys., 17, 1840-1851. 1979
17 Cotton, W.R., and G.J. Tripoli, 1979: Reply. J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 1610-1611 1979
16 Grant, L.O., and W.R. Cotton, 1979: Weather Modification: A review for 1975-1978 IUGG Qudrennial Report. Reviews of Geophys. and Space Phys., 17, 1972-1980. 1979
15 Cotton, W.R., and G.J. Tripoli, 1978: Cumulus convection in shear flow -- Three-dimensional numerical experiments. J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1503-1521. 1978
14 Manton, M.J., and W.R. Cotton, 1977: Parameterization of the atmospheric surface layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 331-334. 1977
13 Pielke, R.A., and W.R. Cotton, 1977: A mesoscale analysis over South Florida for a high rainfall event. Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 343-362. 1977
12 Cotton, W.R., and R.A. Pielke, 1976: Weather modification and three-dimensional mesoscale models. Bull. of Amer. Meteor. Soc., 57, 788-796. 1976
11 Cotton, W.R., R.A. Pielke, and P.T. Gannon, 1976: Numerical experiments on the influence of the mesoscale circulation on the cumulus scale. J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 252-261. 1976
10 Wisniewski, J., W.R. Cotton, R.I. Sax, 1976: Silver content of precipitation from seeded and nonseeded Florida cumuli. J. Appl. Meteor., 15, 1004-1011. 1976
9 Cotton, W.R., 1975: Theoretical cumulus dynamics. Reviews of Geophys. and Space Physics, 13, 419-448. 1975
8 Cotton, W.R., and A. Boulanger, 1975: On the variability of ``dynamic seedability" as a function of time and location over South Florida: Part I, Spatial variability. J. Appl. Meteor., 14, 710-718. 1975
7 Cotton, W.R., and A. Boulanger, 1975: On the variability of ``dynamic seedability" as a function of time and location over South Florida: Part II, Temporal variability. J. Appl. Meteor., 14, 1376-1382. 1975
6 Cotton, W.R., J.E. Jiusto, and R.C. Srivastava, 1975: Cloud physics and radar meteorology. Reviews of Geophys. and Space Phys., 13, 753-849. 1975
5 Cotton, W.R., 1975: On parameterization of turbulent transport in cumulus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 548-564. 1975
4 Cotton, W.R., 1972: Numerical simulation of precipitation development in supercooled cumuli, Part I. Mon. Wea. Rev., 100, 757-763. 1972
3 Cotton, W.R., 1972: Numerical simulation of precipitation development in supercooled cumuli, Part II. Mon. Wea. Rev., 100, 764-784. 1972
2 Cotton, W.R., 1971: Comments on ``On steady-state one-dimensional models of cumulus convection." J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 647-648. 1971
1 Cotton, W.R., and N.R. Gokhale, 1967: Collision, coalescence, and breakup of large water drops in a vertical wind tunnel. J. Geophys. Res., 72, 4041-4049. 1967
 
  Non-Refereed Journal Articles / Chapters / Proceedings / Transactions Top
5 Cotton, W.R., 2008: Microphysics in cloud models: Parameterizations vs. explicit approaches. Proc., AMS Annual Meeting, Hobbs Symposium, 20-24 January 2008, New Orleans, LA, Amer. Met. Soc. 2008
4 Cotton, W.R., 2007: The challenges of explicitly representing cloud droplet and ice particle nucleation on aerosols in CRM, NWP, and GCM models. AGU Joint Assembly, 21-26 May 2007, Acapulco, Mexico, Amer. Geophysical Union. 2007
3 Cotton, W.R., 2007: Implications of cloud resolving model simulations of aerosol indirect effects on cloud radiative properties and precipitation to global climate. AGU Fall Meeting, 10-14 December 2007, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Geophysical Union. 2007
2 Van den Heever, S. and W.R. Cotton, 2006: Urban aerosol effects on convective storm characteristics. Proceedings, AMS Annual Meeting, 29 January -- 2 February, 2006, Atlanta, GA, American Meteorological Society. 2006
1 Carrio, G.G., W.R. Cotton, and D. Zupanski, 2005: Retrieval of cloud-nucleating aerosol in Arctic stratus clouds. Proceedings, AGU Fall Meeting, 5-9 December 2005, San Francisco, CA. 2005
 
  Other (e.g.: Lab Texts, Book Reviews, Technical Reports, In-House Reports) Top
5 Cotton, W.R., 2007: Cloud seeding as a component of water resource management in Colorado. Colorado Water, Newsletter of the Water Center of Colorado State University, February/March 2007, pp. 7-10. 2007
4 Kolb, I.L., W.Y.Y. Cheng, W.R. Cotton, 2001: Laser transmission through simulated cirrus clouds. SPIE/ Aerosense 15th Annual International Symposium on Aerospace/Defense Sensing Simulation and Controls, April 2001. 2001
3 Flatau, P.J., G.J. Tripoli, J. Verlinde, and W.R. Cotton, 1989: The CSU-RAMS Cloud microphysics module: General theory and code documentation. Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science Paper No. 451, Fort Collins, CO, 80523. 1989
2 Derickson, R.G. and W.R. Cotton, 1977: On the use of finite Taylor's series approximations to certain exponential and power functions employed in cloud models. Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 268, Dept. of Atmos. Sci., Colo. State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, 19 pp. 1977
1 Manton, M.J. and W.R. Cotton, 1977: Formulation of approximate equations for modeling moist deep convection on the mesoscale. Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 266, Dept. of Atmos. Sci., Colo. State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, 62 pp. 1977
 

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