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K. L. Lear Publications


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Journal Papers

  1. R. Pownall, G.W. Yuan, T.W. Chen, P. Nikkel, and K.L. Lear, “Geometry Dependence of CMOS Compatible, Polysilicon, Leaky-Mode Photodetectors”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 2007 (in press).

  2. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K. L. Lear, “Single Cell Detection Using Optofluidic Intracavity Spectroscopy”, IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 6, pp. 1543-1550, December 2006.

  3. G.W. Yuan, R. Pownall, P. Nikkel, C. Thangaraj, T.W. Chen, and K.L. Lear, “Characterization of CMOS compatible, waveguide coupled leaky-mode photodetectors”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, pp. 1657-1659, August, 2006.

  4. A. Al-Omari, G. P. Carey , S. Hallstein, J. P. Watson, G. Dang, and K. L. Lear, “Low Thermal Resistance, High Speed, Top Emitting 980nm VCSELs”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, pp. 1225-1227, June, 2006.

  5. [PDF] A. Al-Omari and K. L. Lear, “Dielectric Characteristics of Spin-Coated Films Using On-Wafer Parallel-Plate Capacitors at Microwave Frequencies”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 12, pp. 1151-1161, December, 2005.

  6. G.W. Yuan, K.L. Lear, M.D. Stephens, and D.S. Dandy, “Characterization of a 90° waveguide bend using near-field scanning optical microscopy”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, ID: 191107, November, 2005.

  7. [PDF] G.W. Yuan, M.D. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Direct imaging of transient interference in a single mode waveguide using NSOM”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, pp. 2382-2384, November, 2005.

  8. A. Al-Omari and K. L. Lear, “VCSELs with a Self-Aligned Contact and Copper-Plated Heatsink”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, pp. 1767-1769, September, 2005.

  9. [PDF] H. Shao, D. Kumar, S. Feld, and K. L. Lear, “Fabrication of Bonded Microfluidic a Fabry-Perot Cavity in a Microfluidic Channel Using Thermocompressive Bonding of Glass Substrates”, IEEE Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 15, pp. 756-762, August, 2005.

  10. G.W. Pickrell, D.A. Louderback, M.A. Fish, J.J. Hindi, H.C. Lin, M.C. Simpson, P. S. Guilfoyle, and K. L. Lear, “Compositional Grading in Distributed Bragg Reflectors, Using Discrete Alloys, in Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers”, Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 280, pp. 54-59, June 2005.

  11. [PDF] S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, "Data Pattern Dependence of VCSEL Far-Field Distributions", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 16, pp. 2215-2217, October, 2004.

  12. [PDF] A. Al-Omari and K. L. Lear, “Polyimide Planarized, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers with 17.0 GHz Bandwidth”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 16, pp. 969-971, April, 2004.

  13. [PDF] S. Kulkarni, J. Medberry, and K. L. Lear, “Evaluation of Non-uniform WDM Source Spacing for EDFA Gain Characterization”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 14, pp. 783-785, 2002.

  14. T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, and J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide”, Applied Optics, vol. 39, pp. 683-689, 2000. (cited 13 times)

  15. G. E. Giudice, D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and K. L. Lear, " Differential carrier lifetime in oxide-confined vertical cavity lasers obtained from electrical impedance measurements", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 74, pp. 899-901, 1999.

  16. J. Beringer, K. Borer, R. K. Mommesen, R. B. Nickerson, A. R. Weiberg, E. Monnier, H. Q. Hou, K. L. Lear, “Radiation hardness and lifetime studies of LEDs and VCSELs for the optical readout of the ATLAS SCT”, Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A (Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment), vol. 435, pp. 375-392, 1999.

  17. P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, D. C. Kilper, K. L. Lear, “Diffraction from oxide confinement apertures in vertical-cavity lasers”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 75, pp. 754-756, 1999.

  18. T. B. Boykin, R. C. Bowen, G. Klimeck, K. L. Lear, “Resonant-tunneling diodes with emitter prewells”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 75, pp. 1302-1304, 1999.

  19. [PDF] A. H. Paxton, R. F. Carson, H. Schone, E. W. Taylor, K. D. Choquette, H. Q. Hou, K. L. Lear, and M. E. Warren, “Damage from proton irradiation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”, IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science, vol. 44, pp. 1893-1897, 1997.

  20. D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser”, Physical Review A, vol. 55, pp. R3323-R3326, 1997. (cited 40 times)

  21. [PDF] K. L. Lear, H. Q. Hou, J. J. Banas, B. E. Hammons, J. Furioli, M. Osinski, "Vertical cavity lasers on p-doped substrates", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 783-784, 1997.

  22. O. Blum, J. F. Klem, K. L Lear, G. A. Vawter, and S. R. Kurtz, “Optically pumped, monlithic, all epitaxial 1.56 um vertical cavity surface emitting laser using Sb-based reflectors," Electronics Letters, vol. 33, pp. 1878-1879, 1997. (cited 15 times)

  23. [PDF] W. W. Chow, K. D. Choquette, M. H. Crawford, K. L. Lear and G. R. Hadley, “Design, Fabrication, and Performance of Infrared and Visible Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers," IEEE J. of Quant. Elec., vol. 33, pp. 1810-1824, 1997. (cited 60 times)

  24. D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, K. L. Lear and H. Q. Hou, "Spontaneous Emission Factor in Oxide-Confined Vertical-Cavity Lasers," K. L. Lear, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 70, pp. 13-15, 1997.

  25. [PDF] O. Blum, K. L Lear, H. Q. Hou, M. E. Warren, "Buried Refractive Microlenses Formed by Selective Oxidation of AlGaAs," Electronics Letters, vol. 32, pp. 1406-1408, 1996.

  26. [PDF] K. L. Lear, R. P Schneider, Jr., K. D. Choquette, and S. P. Kilcoyne, "Index Guiding Dependent Effects in Implant and Oxide Confined Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 8, pp. 740-743, 1996. (cited 16 times)

  27. K. L. Lear and R. P. Schneider, Jr., "Uniparabolic Mirror Grading for Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 68, pp. 605-607, 1996. (cited 26 times)

  28. [PDF] G. R. Hadley, K. L. Lear, M. E. Warren and K. D. Choquette, "Comprehensive Numerical Modeling of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers," J. Quant. Elec., vol. 32, pp. 607-616, 1996. (cited 69 times)

  29. [PDF] K. D. Choquette, H. Q. Hou, K. L. Lear, H. C. Chui, K. M. Geib, A. Mar, B. E. Hammons, " Self-pulsing oxide-confined vertical-cavity lasers with ultralow operating current " Electronics Letters, vol. 32, pp. 459-460, 1996. (cited 12 times)

  30. [PDF] K. L. Lear, A. Mar, K. D. Choquette, S. P. Kilcoyne, R. P. Schneider, Jr., and K. M. Geib, "High-Frequency Modulation Of Oxide-Confined Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 457-458, 1996. (cited 54 times)

  31. [PDF] K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, R. Hull, "Fabrication and Performance of Selectively Oxidized Vertical-Cavity Lasers," Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 7, pp. 1237-1239, November, 1995. (cited 47 times)

  32. O. Blum, M. J. Hafich, J. F. Klem, K. L Lear, and C. Sng, “Electrical and optical characteristics of AlAsSb/GaAsSb Distributed Bragg Reflectors for Surface-Emitting Lasers", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 67, pp. 3233-3235, November, 1995. (cited 10 times)

  33. K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, Jr., and K. M. Geib, "Cavity Characteristics of Selectively Oxidized Vertical-Cavity Lasers," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 66, pp. 3413-3415, 1995. (cited 47 times)

  34. K. L. Lear, K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, and S. P. Kilcoyne, "Modal Analysis of a Small Surface Emitting Laser With a Selectively Oxidized Waveguide," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 66, pp. 2616-2618, 1995. (cited 50 times)

  35. [PDF] K. L. Lear, K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, S. P. Kilcoyne, and K. M. Geib, "Selectively Oxidized Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers with 50% Power Conversion Efficiency," Electron. Lett. , vol. 31, pp. 208-209, 1995. (cited 200 times)

  36. R. P. Schneider, M. H. Crawford, K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, S. P. Kilcoyne, J. J. Figiel, "Improved AlGaInP-based red (670-690 nm) surface emitting laser with a novel C-doped short-cavity epitaxial design", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 67, pp. 329-331, July, 1995.

  37. [PDF] M. H. Crawford, R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, "Temperature-dependent characteristics and single-mode performance of AlGaInP-based 670-690 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 7, pp. 724-726, July, 1995.

  38. [PDF] K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, "Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers", IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum. Electronics, vol. 1, pp. 661-666, June, 1995. (cited 88 times)

  39. [PDF] B. Lu, W. L. Lou, C. Hains, J. Cheng, R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, S. P. Kilcoyne, and J. C. Zolper, "High-Efficiency and High-Power Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Designed for Cryogenic Applications," Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 7, pp. 447-448, May, 1995.

  40. [PDF] M. H. Crawford, R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, and J.J. Figiel, "High-efficiency AlGaInP-based 660-680 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", Electronics Letters, vol. 31, pp. 196-198, Febuary, 1995.

  41. [PDF] O. Blum, M. E. Warren, T. C. Du, K. L Lear, R. P. Schneider, R.F. Carson, G. Robinson, F.H. Peters, "Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers with Integrated Refractive Microlenses," Electronics Letters, vol. 31, pp. 44-45, January, 1995.

  42. [PDF] P. L. Gourley, K. L. Lear, and R. P. Schneider, "Surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Spectrum, vol. 31, pp. 31-37, 1994.

  43. K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, S. P. Kilcoyne, J. J. Figiel and J. C. Zolper, "Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers with 21% Efficiency by Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy," Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 6, pp. 1053-1055, 1994. (cited 38 times)

  44. [PDF] K. L. Lear, S. P. Kilcoyne and S. A. Chalmers, "High Power Conversion Efficiencies and Scaling Issues for Multi-Mode Vertical-Cavity Top-Surface-Emitting Lasers," Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 6, pp. 778-781, 1994. (cited 13 times)

  45. R. P. Schneider, J. A. Lott, K. L. Lear, K. D. Choquette, M. H. Crawford, S. P. Kilcoyne, J. J. Figiel, "Metalorganic Vapor-Phase Epitaxial-Growth of Red and Infrared Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser-Diodes", J. of Crystal Growth , vol. 145, pp. 838-845, December, 1994.

  46. M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, R. P. Schneider, R. A. Morgan, R. A. Walterson, J. A. Lehman, E. L. Kalweit, J. A. Lott, K. L. Lear, K. D. Choquette, H. Juergensen, " Metalorganic Vapor-Phase Epitaxial-Growth of Red and Infrared Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser-Diodes ", Microelectronics Journa , vol. 25, pp. 747-755, November, 1994.

  47. [PDF] K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, K. M. Geib, " Low-Threshold Voltage Vertical-Cavity Lasers Fabricated by Selective Oxidation ", Electron. Lett. , vol. 30, pp. 2043-2044, November, 1994. (cited 160 times)

  48. R. E. Carnahan, K. P. Martin, R. J. Higgins, B. G. Park, E. Wolak, K. L. Lear, and J. S. Harris, Jr., "Gamma-X Intervalley Tunneling in a GaAs Alas Resonant-Tunneling Diode Under Uniaxial-Stress", Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 9, pp. 500-503, May, 1994.

  49. K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, M. T. Asom, "Polarization Modulation of Cruciform Vertical-Cavity Laser-Diodes", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 64, pp. 2767-2769, May, 1994. (cited 44 times)

  50. [PDF] B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. C. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, G. A. Vawter, " Binary Optical Switch and Programmable Optical Logic Gate Based on the Integration of GaAs/AlGaAs Surface-Emitting Lasers and Heterojunction Phototransistors ", Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 6, pp. 398-401, March, 1994.

  51. [PDF] R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, J. A. Lott, K. L. Lear, J. J. Figiel, K. J. Malloy, "Efficient Room-Temperature Continuous-Wave AlGaInP/AlGaAs Visible (670 nm) Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser-Diodes", Photonics Technology Letters , vol. 6, pp. 313-316, March, 1994. (cited 18 times)

  52. [PDF] B. Lu, Y. C. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, J. C. Zolper, K. L. Lear, S. A. Chalmers, G. A. Vawter, " Reconfigurable Binary Optical Routing Switches with Fan-Out Based on the Integration of GaAs/AlGaAs Surface-Emitting Lasers and Heterojunction Phototransistors”, Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 6, pp. 222-226, Febuary,1994. (cited 12 times)

  53. [PDF] K. L. Lear and S. A. Chalmers, "High Single-Mode Power Conversion Efficiency Vertical-Cavity Top-Surface-Emitting Lasers," Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 5, pp. 972-974, 1993.

  54. [PDF] K. L. Lear, S. A. Chalmers and K. P. Killeen, "Low Threshold Voltage Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser," Electron. Lett., vol. 29, pp. 584-585, 1993. (cited 19 times)

  55. S.A. Chalmers, K.L. Lear, and K.P. Killeen, “Low resistance wavelength-reproducible p-type (Al,Ga)As distributed bragg reflectors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 62, pp. 1585-1587, April, 1993. (cited 30 times)

  56. P. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. C. Zolper, K. L. Lear, S. A. Chalmers, G. A. Vawter, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, "Monolithic Optoelectronic Switch Based on the Integration of a GaAs/AlGaAs Heterojunction Bipolar-Transistor and a GaAs Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser", Photon. Tech. Lett. , vol. 5, pp. 1035-1038, September, 1993. (cited 10 times)

  57. M. E. Warren, P. L. Gourley, G. R. Hadley, G. A. Vawter, T. M. Brennan, B. E. Hammons, K. L. Lear, "On-Axis Far-Field Emission From 2-Dimensional Phase-Locked Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Arrays with an Integrated Phase-Corrector ", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 61, pp. 1484-1486, September, 1992. (cited 19 times)

  58. J. J. L. Rascol, K. P. Martin, R. E. Carnahan, R. J. Higgins, L. Cury, J. C. Portal, B. G. Park, E. Wolak, K. L. Lear, J. S. Harris, Jr., " Ballistic Electron Contributions In Vertically Integrated Resonant Tunneling Diodes ", Superlattices and Microstructures, vol. 10, pp. 175-178, 1991.

  59. J. J. L. Rascol, K. P. Martin, R. E. Carnahan, R. J. Higgins, L. Cury, J. C. Portal, B. G. Park, E. Wolak, K. L. Lear, J. S. Harris, Jr., “Influence of Ballistic Electrons on the Device Characteristics of Vertically Integrated Resonant Tunneling Diodes”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 58, pp. 1482-1484, April, 1991.

  60. G. R. Olbright, R. P. Bryan, K. Lear, T. M. Brennan, G. Poirier, Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, “Cascadable Laser Logic Devices - Discrete Integration of Phototransistors with Surface-Emitting Laser-Diodes”, Electronics Letters, vol. 27, pp. 216-217, January, 1991. (cited 31 times)
  61. D. G. Hill, K. L. Lear and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Two Selective Etching Solutions For GaAs on InGaAs and GaAs/AlGaAs on InGaAs,” J. Electrochem. Soc. vol 137, pp. 2912, 1990.

  62. E. Wolak, B. G. Park, K. L. Lear, J. S. Harris, Jr., “Variation of The Spacer Layer Between 2 Resonant Tunneling Diodes”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 55, pp. 1871-1873, October 1989. (cited 13 times)

  63. E. S. Hellman, K. L. Lear and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Limit Cycle Oscillation In Negative Differential Resistance Devices,” J. Appl. Phys. vol. 64, pp. 2798, 1988. (cited 10 times)

  64. E. Wolak, K. L. Lear, P. M. Pitner, E. S. Hellman, B. G. Park, T. Weil, J. S. Harris, Jr., D. Thomas, “Elastic-Scattering Centers in Resonant Tunneling Diodes”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 53, pp. 201-203, July, 1988. (cited 43 times)

Edited Collections

  1. K.L. Lear and E.D. Jones, editors, Materials Research Society Bulletin special issue on VCSELs, vol. 27, no. 7, July 2002.

Conference Proceedings (Papers)

  1. G. Yuan, M. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Initial demonstration of a local, evanescent, array coupled biosensor”, 4th IEEE International Conference on Sensors, paper B4P-G, Irvine, California, October 31, 2005, 4 page manuscript to appear.

  2. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K. L. Lear, “Single Cell Detection Capability of an Optofluidic Intracavity Spectroscopic Biosensor”, 4th IEEE International Conference on Sensors, paper A2L-C, Irvine, California, October 31, 2005, 4 page manuscript to appear.

  3. A.N. Al-Omari and K.L. Lear, “Bottom-emitting flip-chip VCSEL structure with reduced constraints on modulation response”, Conference on Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing VI in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5556, p. 199-205, 2004.

  4. A.M. Raza, G.W. Yuan, C.K. Thangaraj, T. Chen, and K.L. Lear, “Waveguide coupled CMOS photodetector for on-chip optical interconnects”, Conference on Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing VI in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5556, p. 27-33, 2004.

  5. G.W. Yuan,  M.D. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Novel local evanescent field detection waveguide multianalyte biosensor”, Optical Information Systems II in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5557, p. 140-146, 2004.

  6. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K.L. Lear, “Microfludic passive cavity interferometer-based biosensor”, Optical Information Systems II in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5557, p. 147-155, 2004.

  7. D. Kumar, H.Shao, and K.L. Lear, “Dependence of vertical cavity surface emitting laser diodes with integrated micro-fluidic channels on fluid refractive index”, Optical Information Systems II in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5557, p. 156-161, 2004.

  8. A. N. Al-Omari and K. L. Lear, “High-speed polyimide-planarized vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5364, p. 73-79, 2004.
  9. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “Beam divergence angle distribution dependence on data pattern”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5364, pp. 138-145, 2004.

  10. V. V. Doan, G. P. Carey, H. Zhou, A. Moorandian, I. Jenks, A. Lewis, and K. L. Lear, “Reliability of 980-nm lasers diode based on Novalux extended cavity surface-emitting laser (NECSEL) concept”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5364, 2004.

  11. T. Yu, T. Ao, K. Hartinger, H. Shao, C.W. Wilmsen, K.L. Lear, K.M. Geib, S.A. Feld “Electrically pumped fluidic cavity (EPFC) VCSEL for the detection of biologic agents”, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers VII in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4994, pp. 206-215, 2003.

  12. E.M. Strzelecka, J.G. McInerney, A.Mooradian, A.Lewis, A.V. Shchegrov, D.Lee, J.P. Watson, K.W. Kennedy, G.P. Carey, H. Zhou, W. Ha, B.D. Cantos, W.R. Hitchens, D.L. Heald, V.V. Doan, K.L. Lear, “High-power high-brightness 980-nm lasers based on the extended cavity surface emitting lasers concept”, High-Power Fiber and Semiconductor Lasers in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4993, pp. 57-67, 2003.

  13. J.G. McInerney, A.Mooradian, A.Lewis, A.V. Shchegrov, E.M. Strzelecka, D.Lee, J.P. Watson, M.K. Liebman, G.P. Carey, A.Umbrasas, C.A. Amsden, B.D. Cantos, W.R. Hitchens, D.L. Heald, V.V. Doan, J. L. Cannon, K.L. Lear, “High-brightness 980-nm pump lasers based on the Novalux extended cavity surface-emitting laser (NECSEL) concept”, Laser Diodes, Optoelectronic Devices, and Heterogenous Integration in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4947, pp. 240-251, 2003.

  14. R.F. Carson, T.L. Hardin, M.E. Warren, K.L. Lear, M.L. Lovejoy, P.K. Seigal, D.C. Craft, P.J. Enquist, “Low-power multichip module and board-level links for data transfer”, Optoelectronic Interconnects and Packaging IV in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 3005, pp. 99-109, 1997.

  15. H.Q. Hou, K.D. Choquette, B.E Hammons, W.G. Breiland, M. H. Crawford, K. L. Lear, “Highly uniform and reproducible visible to near-infrared vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers grown by MOVPE”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 3003, pp. 34-45, 1997.

  16. K.L. Lear, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, M. Ochiai, J.J. Banas, B.E. Hammons, J. Zolper, S.P. Kilcoyne, “Small and large signal modulation of 850 nm oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”, Advances in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in series OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, vol. 15, pp. 69–74, 1997.

  17. D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, K.L. Lear, “Quantum Spatial-Mode Intensity-Noise Correlation in Oxide-Confined, Vertical-Cavity Lasers”, Advances in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in series OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, vol. 15, pp. 83–87, 1997.

  18. V.M. Hietala, K.L. Lear, M.G. Armendariz, C.P. Tigges, H.Q. Hou, J.C. Zolper, “Electrical characterization and application of very high speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs)”, IEEE/MTT-S Intl. Microwave Symp. Digest, vol. 1, pp. 355 -358, June, 1997.

  19. K.L. Lear, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, J. Banas, B.E. Hammons, J. Zolper, S.P. Kilcoyne, “High-speed 850 nm oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”, Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics in series OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, vol. 13, May, 1997.

  20. (Invited) K.L. Lear, H.Q. Hou, V.M. Hietala, K.D. Choquette, R.P., Schneider, Jr., “Engineering high-performance vertical cavity lasers”, 1996 Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Materials and Devices. Proceedings (COMMAD), pp.33-41, December, 1996.

  21. R.F. Carson, M.L. Lovejoy, K.L. Lear, ; M.E. Warren, P.K. Seigal, G.A. Patrizi, S.P. Kilcoyne, D.C. Craft, “Low-power modular parallel photonic data links”; Proceedings of the 46th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp. 321–326, May, 1996.

  22. K. L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, R. P. Schneider, J.A. Nevers, “Life-testing oxide confined VCSELs: too good to last?”, Optical mirro facet strength of cw-operated separate confinement hterostructure laser diodes in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2683, pp.114-122, April, 1996.

  23. G.R. Hadley, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, K.D. Choquette, J.W. Scott, S.W. Corzine, “Comprehensive numerical model for cw vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices III in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2399, pp. 336-347, 1995.

  24. K.D. Choquette, K.L. Lear, R.P. Schneider, Jr., R.E. Leibenguth, J.J. Figiel, S.P. Kilcoyne, M.H. Crawford, J.C. Zolper, “Polarization characteristics, control, and modulation of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers”, Laser Diodes and Applications in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2382, pp. 125-136, 1995.

  25. M.E. Warren, T.Du, J.R. Wendt, G.A.Vawter, R.F. Carson, K.L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, R.P. Schneider, Jr., J.C. Zolper, “Integration of diffractive lenses with addressable vertical-cavity laser arrays”, Circular-Grating Light-Emitting Sources in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2398, pp.12-20, 1995.

  26. L. Bo, W.-L. Lou, J. Cheng, R.P. Schneider, R.P. Kilcoyne, K.L. Lear, J.C. Zolper, “High performance GaAs/AlGaAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers designed for cryogenic applications”, Proceedings of the 45th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp. 949–951, May, 1995.

  27. R.F. Carson, M.L. Lovejoy, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, O. Blum, S.P. Kilcoyne, T. Du, ;P.K. Seigal, D.C. Craft, B.H. Rose, , “Low-power, parallel photonic interconnections for multi-chip module applications”, Proceedings of the 45th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp. 380-386, May, 1995.

  28. M.E. Warren, K.L. Lear, P.L. Gourley, G.R. Hadley, J.A. Lott, G.A. Vawter, S. Chalmers, T.M. Brennan, B.E. Hammons, J.C. Zolper “Phase-locked arrays of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”, Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Electronics and Optical Frequency Conversion in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2145, pp. 70-81, 1994.

  29. J. Cheng, P. Zhou, J.C. Zolper, K.L. Lear, G.A. Vawter, R.E. Leibenguth, A.C., “Reconfigurable optical switches with monolithic electrical-to-optical interfaces”, Optoelectronic Interconnects II in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2153, pp. 315-322, 1994.

  30. (Invited) K.L Lear, “Technologies for Highly Parallel Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits”, 16th Annual Gallium Arsenide Integrated Circuit (GaAs IC) Symposium Technical Digest, pp. 201-6, October, 1994.

  31. B.G. Park, E. Wolak, K.L. Lear, and J.S. Harris Jr., “Improved vertically integrated resonant tunneling diodes”; Electron Devices Meeting, 1989. Technical Digest, International, pp. 563 -566, December 3-6, 1989.

  32. K. L. Lear, W. S. Lee and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Experimental Dependence Of Resonant Tunnel Diode Current On Accumulation Layer Band Profiles,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (abstract only), vol. 36, pp. 2619, 1989.

  33. J. M. Owens, D. J. Halchin, K. L. Lear, W. S. Lee and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Microwave Characteristics Of MBE Grown Resonant Tunneling Devices”, IEEE/MTT-S Intl. Microwave Symp. Digest, vol. 1, pp. 471, June, 1989.

  34. K. L. Lear, K. Yoh and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Monolithic Integration Of GaAs/AlAs Resonant Tunnel Diode Load and GaAs Enhancement-Mode MESFET Drivers for Tunnel Diode FET Logic Gates”, Proceedings of 15th Intl. Symp. on Gallium Arsenide and Related Compounds, vol. 96, pp. 593, 1988.

Conference Presentations

  1. D. Kumar, H. Shao, and K. L. Lear, “Vertical Cavity Laser and Passive Fabry oupled biosensor”, Pacifichem 2005, paper ___, Honolulu, December 16-21, 2005.

  2. M.D. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, G. Yuan, and K.L. Lear, “Optical and physical characterization of a Local Evanescent Array Coupled biosensor”, AIChE Annual Conference, paper ___, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 31, 2005.

  3. G. Yuan, M. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Initial demonstration of a local, evanescent, array coupled biosensor”, 4th IEEE International Conference on Sensors, paper B4P-G, Irvine, California, October 31, 2005.

  4. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K. L. Lear, “Single Cell Detection Capability of an Optofluidic Intracavity Spectroscopic Biosensor”, 4th IEEE International Conference on Sensors, paper A2L-C, Irvine, California, October 31, 2005.

  5. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “Nonlinear Equalization of Multimode Fiber Links Considering VCSEL Non-Idealities”, OSA Annual Meeting/2005 Frontiers in Optics/ Laser Science Conference, paper FThE5, Tucson, AZ, October 16-20, 2005.

  6. G. Yuan, M. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Characterization of Transient Interference in a Single Mode Waveguide”, OSA Annual Meeting/2005 Frontiers in Optics/ Laser Science Conference, paper FThQ4, Tucson, AZ, October 16-20, 2005.

  7. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K. L. Lear, “Single Cell Detection Using a Microfluidic, Passive, Fabry-Perot Interferometer Based Biosensor”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2005, Baltimore, MD, May 22-27, 2005.

  8. A.N. Al-Omari and K.L. Lear, “Improved Performance of Top-Emitting, Oxide-Confined VCSELs with Self-Aligned Contact and Cu-Plated Heatsink”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2005, Baltimore, MD, May 22-27, 2005.

  9. M. Stephens, G. Yuan, K.L. Lear,and D.S. Dandy, “Sub-micron thickness planar optical waveguide deposition and characterization for application to evanescent wave sensing of analytes in an immunoassay biosensor”, AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, November 7-12, 2004.

  10. A.N. Al-Omari, S.A. Feld and K.L. Lear, “Novel VCSEL Structure with Reduced Constraints on Modulation Bandwidth”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 328 – 329, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  11. A.M. Raza, G.W. Yuan, C.K. Thangaraj, T. Chen, and K.L. Lear, “Waveguide coupled CMOS photodetector for on-chip optical interconnects”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 152 – 153, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  12. H. Shao, D. Kumar, S. Feld, and K.L. Lear, “Micro-fluidic passive cavity interferometer based biosensor”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 120-121, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  13. D. Kumar, H. Shao, Perot Interferometer Based Microfluidic Biosensors”, LACSEA 2006 (Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis Meeting), paper TuD3, Incline Village, Nevada, February 5-9, 2006. 2. (Invited) D.S. Dandy, M.D. Stephens, K.L. Lear, G. Yuan, D. Grainger, and P. Wu, “A local evanescent array cand K.L. Lear, “Microfluidic cavity surface emitting laser based biosensor”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 118-119, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  14. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “Multimode Fiber Response Dependence on Data Pattern”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 2, pp. 757-758, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  15. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “MMF Bandwidth Enhancement By Longitudinal Displacement Launch”, IEEE LEOS 17th Annual Meeting, vol. 2, pp. 985-986, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  16. M. Stephens, G. Yuan, K.L. Lear,and D.S. Dandy, “Sub-micron thickness planar optical waveguide deposition and characterization for application to evanescent wave sensing of analytes in an immunoassay biosensor”, accepted for presentation at AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, November 7-12, 2004.

  17. A.N. Al-Omari, S.A. Feld and K.L. Lear, “Novel VCSEL Structure with Reduced Constraints on Modulation Bandwidth”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  18. A.M. Raza, G.W. Yuan, C.K. Thangaraj, T. Chen, and K.L. Lear, “Waveguide coupled CMOS photodetector for on-chip optical interconnects”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  19. H. Shao, D. Kumar, S. Feld, and K.L. Lear, “Micro-fluidic passive cavity interferometer based biosensor”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  20. D. Kumar, H. Shao, and K.L. Lear, “Microfluidic cavity surface emitting laser based biosensor”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  21. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “Multimode Fiber Response Dependence on Data Pattern”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  22. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “MMF Bandwidth Enhancement By Longitudinal Displacement Launch”, accepted for presentation at IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 7-11, 2004.

  23. D. Kumar,H.Shao, and K.L. Lear, “Refractive index dependence of microfluidic channel on a vertical cavity surface emitting laser diode”, Optical Information Systems II in SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, August 4-5, 2004.

  24. H. Shao, D. Kumar, and K.L. Lear, “Microfludic passive cavity interferometer-based biosensor ”, Optical Information Systems II in SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, August 4-5, 2004.

  25. G.W. Yuan, M.D. Stephens, D.S. Dandy, and K.L. Lear, “Multi-analyte immunoassay waveguide sensor ”, Optical Information Systems II in SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, August 4-5, 2004.

  26. A.N. Al-Omari and K.L. Lear, “Novel VCSEL structure with reduced constraints on modulation ”, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computer VI in SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, August 2-3, 2004.

  27. A.M. Raza, C.K. Thangaraj, T. Chen, and K.L. Lear, “Waveguide coupled CMOS photodetector for on-chip optical interconnects ”, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computer VI in SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, August 2-3, 2004.

  28. A. N. Al-Omari and K. L. Lear, “High-speed polyimide-planarized vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in Photonics West 2004(SPIE), vol. 5364, San Jose, CA, January 24-29, 2004.

  29. S. Al-Sowayan and K. L. Lear, “Beam divergence angle distribution dependence on data pattern”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in Photonics West 2004(SPIE), vol. 5364, San Jose, CA, January 24-29, 2004.

  30. V. V. Doan, G. P. Carey, H. Zhou, A. Moorandian, I. Jenks, A. Lewis, Novalux, Inc.; K. L. Lear, “Reliability of 980-nm lasers diode based on Novalux extended cavity surface-emitting laser (NECSEL) concept”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers VIII in Photonics West 2004(SPIE), vol. 5364, San Jose, CA, January 24-29, 2004.

  31. D. Kumar, H. Shao, and K.L. Lear, “Laser based micro-fluidic cavity biosensor”, BioWest 2003, Aurora, CO, October 22, 2003.

  32. T. Yu, T. Ao, K. Hartinger, H. Shao, C.W. Wilmsen, K.L. Lear, K.M. Geib, S.A. Feld “Electrically pumped fluidic cavity (EPFC) VCSEL for the detection of biologic agents”, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers VII in Photonics West 2003 (SPIE), vol. 4994, San Jose, CA, January 27, 2003.

  33. E.M. Strzelecka, J.G. McInerney, A.Mooradian, A.Lewis, A.V. Shchegrov, D.Lee, J.P. Watson, K.W. Kennedy, G.P. Carey, H. Zhou, W. Ha, B.D. Cantos, W.R. Hitchens, D.L. Heald, V.V. Doan, K.L. Lear, “High-power high-brightness 980-nm lasers based on the extended cavity surface emitting lasers concept”, High-Power Fiber and Semiconductor Lasers in Optoelectronics 2003 in Photonics West 2003 (SPIE), vol. 4993, San Jose, CA, January 27, 2003.

  34. J.G. McInerney, A.Mooradian, A.Lewis, A.V. Shchegrov, E.M. Strzelecka, D.Lee, J.P. Watson, M.K. Liebman, G.P. Carey, A.Umbrasas, C.A. Amsden, B.D. Cantos, W.R. Hitchens, D.L. Heald, V.V. Doan, J. L. Cannon, K.L. Lear, “High-brightness 980-nm pump lasers based on the Novalux extended cavity surface-emitting laser (NECSEL) concept”, Laser Diodes, Optoelectronic Devices, and Heterogenous Integration in Photonics West 2003 (SPIE) , 4947, San Jose, CA, January, 2003.

  35. (Invited Tutorial) K. L. Lear, “Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs) for Data Communications”, OSA Annual Meeting, Providence, RI, October 26, 2000.

  36. Maj, T., A.G. Kirk, D.V. Plant, J.F. Ahadian, C.G. Fonstad, K.L. Lear, K. Tatah, M.W. Robinson, and J.A. Trezza. “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide.” Proceedings of the Optics in Computing Conference, Post-Deadline Paper PD2.1-PD2.3, Aspen, CO, April 13-16, 1999.

  37. O. Blum, J. F. Klem, K. L. Lear, G. A. Vawter, S. R. Kurtz, “Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers emitting near 1.5 mu m with Sb-based reflectors”, Proceedings of the Symposium on Light Emitting Devices for Optoelectronic Applications and Twenty-Eighth State-of-the-Art Program on Compound Semiconductors, Pennington, NJ, 1998.

  38. J.F. Klem, O. Blum, and K. Lear, “Antimonide-based approaches for long-wavelength VCSELs.” IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 11th Annual Meeting, paper ThN4, Orlando, Florida, December 1-4, 1998.

  39. G.E. Giudice, D.V. Kuksenkov, ; H. Temkin, K.L. Lear, “Carrier lifetimes in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers determined from electrical impedance measurements”, IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 11th Annual Meeting, paper ThY1, Orlando, Florida, December 1-4, 1998.

  40. B. Rouse, D.C. Kilper, and K.L. Lear, “Influence of polarization fluctuations on quantum noise reduction in oxide-confined vertical-cavity lasers”, OSA Annual Meeting/14th Interdisciplinary Laser Science Conference, paper WV3, Baltimore, MD, October 4-9, 1998.

  41. G.D. Dorazio, G.H. Cooper, M.Y.A. Raja, D.C. Kilper, and K.L. Lear, “Polarization behavior of ion-implanted and oxide-confined VCSELs”, OSA Annual Meeting/14th Interdisciplinary Laser Science Conference, paper WV4, Baltimore, MD, October 4-9, 1998.

  42. P.A. Roos, J.L. Carlsten, D.C. Kilper, and K.L. Lear, “Diffraction from oxide confinement apertures in VCSELs.” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. Technical Digest Series, vol. 6, pp. 446–447, San Francisco, CA, May 3-8, 1998.

  43. G.E., D.V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, K.L. Lear, “Differential carrier lifetimes and threshold carrier densities in vertical-cavity, surface-emitting lasers Giudice”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. Technical Digest Series, San Francisco, CA, May 3-8, 1998.

  44. K.L. Lear, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, J. Banas, B.E. Hammons, J. Zolper, S.P. Kilcoyne, “High-speed 850 nm oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”, Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics in series OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics , Washington, D.C., 1997.

  45. K.D. Choquette, B. Roberds, K.M. Geib, H.Q. Hou, R.D. Twesten, K.L. Lear, ; B.E. Hammons, “Bottom-emitting 850 nm selectively oxidized VCSELs fabricated using wafer bonding”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 10th Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, San Francisco, CA, November 10-13, 1997.

  46. O. Blum, J.F. Klem, K.L. Lear, G.A. Vawter, S.R. Kurtz, “Vertical cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1.56 microns with AlGaAsSb/AlAsSb distributed Bragg reflectors”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1997. LEOS '97 10th Annual Meeting. Conference Proceedings, IEEE, vol 1, pp.307-308, November 10-13, 1997.

  47. G.R. Hadley and K.L. Lear, “Diffraction loss of confined modes in microcavities”; Vertical-Cavity Lasers, in Digest of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, pp. 65 –66; Montreal, Quebec, August 11-15, 1997.

  48. K.L. Lear, M. Ochiai, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, B.E. Hammons, J.J. Banas, J.A. Nevers, “High-speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”; Vertical-Cavity Lasers in Digest of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, pp. 53 –54, Montreal, Quebec, August 11-15, 1997.

  49. (Invited) K.L. Lear, “Putting Dielectrics in New Places: Compound Semiconductor Development with Buried Oxides”, Sixteenth Biennial IEEE Cornell Conference on Advanced Concepts in High Speed Semiconductor Devices and Circuits, paper 1.6, Ithaca, NY, August 4-6, 1997.

  50. K.L. Lear, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, M. Ochiai, J.J. Banas, B.E. Hammons, J. Zolper, S.P. Kilcoyne, “Small and large signal modulation of 850 nm oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”, Advances in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in series OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Baltimore, Maryland, July 14-18, 1997.

  51. M. Ochiai, ; K.L. Lear, V.M. Hietala, H.Q. Hou, Temkin, H.; “Modulation properties of high-speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”; 55th Annual Device Research Conference, paper IV.B.-1, Fort Collins, CO, June 23-25, 1997.

  52. K.L. Lear, O. Blum, J.F. Klem, “Oxide defined AlAsSb/InGaAs/InP heterojunction bipolar transistors with a buried metal extrinsic base” ; 55th Annual Device Research Conference Digest, paper III.B.-1, Fort Collins, CO, June 23-25, 1997.

  53. V.M. Hietala, K.L. Lear, M.G. Armendariz, C.P. Tigges, H.Q. Hou, J.C. Zolper,“Electrical characterization and application of very high speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs)”, IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, Denver, CO, June 8-13, 1997.

  54. K.L. Lear, H.Q. Hou, J.J. Banas, B.E. Hammons, J. Furioli, M. Osinski, Common anode vetical-cavity surface emitting lasers on p-doped substrates; Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO '97, Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on, vol. 11, pp.292-293, Baltimore, M.D., May 18-23, 1997.

  55. P.A. Roos, D.C. Kilper, J.L. Carkten, K.L. Lear, “Quantum transverse mode intensity noise in oxide-confined, vertical-cavity lasers”, Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO '97, Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference , Baltimore, M.D., May 18-23, 1997.

  56. O. Blum, K.L. Lear, G.A.Vawter, M.J. Hafich, “Index-guided edge-emitting lasers fabricated by lateral oxidation of AIAsSb” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO '97, Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on, Baltimore, M.D., May 18-23, 1997.

  57. D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, K.L. Lear, “Quantum Spatial-Mode Intensity-Noise Correlation in Oxide-Confined, Vertical-Cavity Lasers”, in Quantum Optoelectronics, 9, 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America), Washington, D.C., May 18-23 1997.

  58. D.C. Kilper, P.A. Roos, J.L. Carlsten, K.L. Lear, “Quantum mode correlations in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers.” Quantum Optoelectronics. 1997 Technical Digest Series. vol. 9 Postconference Edition Year, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, March 19-21, 1997.

  59. O. Blum, M.J. Hafich, and K.L. Lear, “Control of the oxidation rates of Al(Ga)AsSb lattice matched to InP”, Workshop on Native Oxides of Compound Semiconductors, San Antonio, TX, February 19-20, 1997.

  60. R.F. Carson, T.L. Hardin, M.E. Warren, K.L. Lear, M.L. Lovejoy, P.K. Seigal, D.C. Craft, P.J. Enquist, “Low-power multichip module and board-level links for data transfer”, Optoelectronic Interconnects and Packaging IV in Optoelectronics '97 (SPIE Photonics West), paper 3005-14, San Jose, CA, February 12-14, 1997.

  61. H.Q. Hou, K.D. Choquette, B.E Hammons, W.G. Breiland, M. H. Crawford, K. L. Lear, “Highly uniform and reproducible visible to near-infrared vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers grown by MOVPE”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in Optoelectronics '97 (SPIE Photonics West), paper 3003-06, San Jose, CA, February 13-14, 1997.

  62. (Invited) K.L. Lear, “Engineering high-performance VCSELs”, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers in Optoelectronics '97 (SPIE Photonics West), paper 3003-03, San Jose, CA, February 13-14, 1997.

  63. (Invited) K.L. Lear, H.Q. Hou, V.M. Hietala, K.D. Choquette, R.P., Schneider, Jr., “Engineering high-performance vertical cavity lasers”, 1996 Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Materials and Devices. Proceedings (COMMAD), p. 33-41, Canberra, Australia, December 8-11, 1996.

  64. (Invited) K.L. Lear, O. Blum, and J.F. Klem, “Buried Metallic Layers Formed by Chemical Reaction”, Advanced Heterostructure Workshop, Kona, Hawaii, December 2-6, 1996.

  65. K.D. Choquette, K.M. Geib, R. Hull, H.Q. Hou, K.L. Lear, H.C. Chui, B.E. Hammons, J.A. Nevers, “Wet oxidation of AlGaAs vs. AlAs: A little gallium is good”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1996. LEOS 96, IEEE , vol. 1, pp. 390-391, November 18-19 1996.

  66. O. Blum, K.L. Lear, and H.Q. Hou, and M.E. Warren, “Selective oxidation of AlGaAs for buried microlens formation”, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, paper ThRR6, Rochester, NY, October 20-24, 1996.

  67. K. L. Lear, “Threshold Current Scaling of Oxide-Confined Vertical-Cavity Lasers”, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, paper WII5, Rochester, NY, October 20-24, 1996.

  68. G. Ding, S.W. Corzine, M.R.T. Tan, S.Y. Wang, K. Hahn, K. L. Lear, and J. S. Harris Jr., “Dynamic behavior of VCSELs under high speed modulation”, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, paper WR6, Rochester, NY, October 20-24, 1996.

  69. (Invited) K.L. Lear, “High Performance Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers”, OpTec Conference, Bozeman, Montana, September 6, 1996.

  70. K.L. Lear et al., “High Frequency Modulation of Oxide-Confined Verticl Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers”, 2nd International Conference on High Speed Optoelectronics Devices and Systems (IEEE LEOS), Snowbird, UT, August 11-15, 1996.

  71. A. Mar, K.L. Lear, K.D. Choquette, S.P. Kilcoyne, K.M. Geib, “High-speed modulation of oxide-confined vertical-cavity lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, pp. 46-47, June 2-7, 1996.

  72. K.D. Choquette, R.P. Schneider, K.L. Lear, K.M. Geib, H.Q. Hou, H.C. Chui, M.H. Crawford, W.W. Chow, “Advances in oxide-confined vertical cavity lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, pp. 203-204, June 2-7, 1996.

  73. K.L. Lear, K.D. Choquette, G.R. Hadley, H.Q. Hou, A. Mar, K.M. Geib, “Analysis of a submicroampere laser diode”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, June 2-7, 1996.

  74. O. Blum, K.L. Lear, and H. Hou, Selective oxidation of integrated optical elements; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, June 2-7, 1996.

  75. G.R. Hadley, K.D. Choquette, K.L. Lear, “Understanding waveguiding in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, June 2-7, 1996.

  76. O. Blum, K. Geib, M.J. Hafich, J.P. Klem, K.L. Lear, C.I.H. Ashby, “Lateral, wet thermal oxidation of AlAsSb lattice-matched to InP”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, pp. 472-473, June 2-7, 1996.

  77. K.L. Lear, “Limits to the power conversion efficiency of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO '96, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, June 2-7, 1996.

  78. K.L. Lear, K.D. Choquette, G.R. Hadley, H.Q. Hou, A. Mar, K.M. Gelb, “Analysis of a submicroampere laser diode”; Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, 1996. QELS '96, Summaries of Papers Presented, June 2-7, 1996.

  79. K.D. Choquette, R.P. Schneider, K.L. Lear, K.M. Geib, H.Q. Hou, H.C. Chui, M.H. Crawford, W.W. Chow, “Advances in oxide-confined vertical cavity lasers”; Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, 1996. QELS '96, Summaries of Papers Presented, June 2-7, 1996.

  80. R.F. Carson, M.L. Lovejoy, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, P.K. Seigal, G.A. Patrizi, S.P. Kilcoyne, D.C. Craft, “Low-power modular parallel photonic data links”; Proceedings of the 46th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp. 321–326, Orlando, Florida, May 28-31, 1996.

  81. (Invited) K.L. Lear et al., “Progress in Oxide Confined Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers”, 32nd Annual Symposium of the New Mexico Chapter of the American Vacuum Society, Albuquerque, NM April 1-5, 1996.

  82. (Invited) K.L. Lear et al., “The Magic of Oxides in VCSELs”, Optoelectronics and Lasers in Photonics West 1996 (SPIE), San Jose, CA, January 27 – Febuary 2, 1996.

  83. K. L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, R. P. Schneider, J.A. Nevers, “Life-testing oxide confined VCSELs: too good to last?”, Optoelectronics and Lasers in Photonics West 1996 (SPIE), San Jose, CA, January 27 – Febuary 2, 1996.

  84. K.L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, R.P. Schneider Jr., K.D. Choquette, G.R. Hadley, “High efficiency oxide confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1995. 8th Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, Volume 1, IEEE, San Francisco, CA, October 30 – November 2, 1995.

  85. K.D. Choquette, K.L. Lear, R.P. Schneider Jr., K.M. Geib, H.C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1995. 8th Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, Volume 1, IEEE, October 30-31, 1995.

  86. R.F. Carson, M.L. Lovejoy, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, O. Blum, ;P.K. Seigal, D.C. Craft, S.P. Kilcoyne, G.A. Patrizi, “Photonics for Z-axis stacking of multi-chip modules”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1995. 8th Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings(IEEE), vol. 2, pp.125-126, October 30-31, 1995.

  87. Lu Bo Luo, Wen-Lin J. Cheng, R.P. Schneider, R.P. Kilcoyne, K.L. Lear, J.C. Zolper, “High performance GaAs/AlGaAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers designed for cryogenic applications”, Proceedings of the 45th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, May 21-24, 1995.

  88. R.F. Carson, M.L. Lovejoy, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, O. Blum, S.P. Kilcoyne, T. Du, P.K. Seigal, D.C. Craft, B.H. Rose, “Low-power, parallel photonic interconnections for multi-chip module applications”, Proceedings of the 45th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, May 21-24, 1995.

  89. K. L. Lear, K.D. Choquette, R.P. Schneider, Jr., S.P, Kilcoyne, and K.M. Geib, “Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers With 50% Power Conversion Efficiency”, OSA Annual Meeting CLEO/QELS’95, Baltimore, MD, May 21-26, 1995.

  90. K. L. Lear et al., “Microcavity Surface Emitting Laser With A 133 ?A Threshold Current”, OSA Annual Meeting CLEO/QELS’95, Baltimore, MD, May 21-26, 1995.

  91. G.R. Hadley, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, K.D. Choquette, J.W. Scott, S.W. Corzine, “Comprehensive numerical model for cw vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices III in series Proceedings of SPIE, vol . 2399, San Jose, California, February 4-10, 1995.

  92. K.D. Choquette, K.L. Lear, R.P. Schneider, Jr., R.E. Leibenguth, J.J. Figiel, S.P. Kilcoyne, M.H. Crawford, J.C. Zolper, “Polarization characteristics, control, and modulation of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers”, Laser Diodes and Applications in Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2399, San Jose, California, February 4-10, 1995.

  93. M.E. Warren, T.Du, J.R. Wendt, G.A.Vawter, R.F. Carson, K.L. Lear, S.P. Kilcoyne, R.P. Schneider, Jr., J.C. Zolper, “Integration of diffractive lenses with addressable vertical-cavity laser arrays”, Circular-Grating Light-Emitting Sources in SPIE International Symposium on Optoelectronic, Microphotonic, and Laser technoloogy, Photonics West , San Jose, California, February 1995.

  94. (Invited) K.L Lear, “Technologies for Highly Parallel Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits”, 16th Annual Gallium Arsenide Integrated Circuit (GaAs IC) Symposium Technical Digest, Philadelphia, PA, October 16-19, 1994.

  95. K.L. Lear, R.P. Schneider Jr., K.D. Choquette, S.P. Kilcoyne, ;J.J. Figiel, J.C. Zolper, , “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting-lasers with 21% efficiency by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy”, 14th IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Maui, HI, Sep. 19-23, 1994.

  96. K.D. Choquette, ; K.L. Lear, ; R.P. Schneider, Jr.; R.E. Leibenguth, ; “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers”; Semiconductor Laser Conference, 1994, 14th IEEE International, September 19-23, 1994.

  97. G.R. Hadley, K.L. Lear, M.E. Warren, J.W. Scott, S.W. Corzine, “Lateral mode behavior of CW proton-implanted vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”; 14th IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference, September 19-23, 1994.

  98. (Invited) K. L. Lear , R.P. Schneider, K.D. Choquette, S.P. Kilcoyne, J.J. Figiel, J.C. Zolper “Record Performance Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting-Lasers Grown By Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy”, Engineering Foundation Conference on High Speed Optoelectronic Devices for Communications and Interconnects, San Luis Obispo, CA, August 14-18, 1994.

  99. J. Cheng, Lu Bo J.C. Zolper, K.L. Lear, J. Klemm, “Monolithic Binary Optical Logic Gates With Programmable Optical Routing”; Integrated Optoelectronics, Proceedings of IEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, July 6-13, 1994.

  100. R.P. Schneider, K.L. Lear, K.D. Choquette, M.H. Crawford, K.P. Killeen, S.P. Kilcoyne, J.J. Figiel, “Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxial Growth Of Red And Infrared Vertical-cavity Surface-emitting Laser Diodes”; Integrated Optoelectronics, 1994., Proceedings of IEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, July 6-13, 1994.

  101. K. L. Lear et al., “Mirror Designs For Low-Voltage Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting-Lasers By Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Anaheim, CA, May 8-13, 1994.

  102. M.E. Warren, K.L. Lear, P.L. Gourley, G.R. Hadley, J.A. Lott, G.A. Vawter, S. Chalmers, T.M. Brennan, B.E. Hammons, J.C. Zolper “Phase-locked arrays of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers”, Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Electronics and Optical Frequency Conversion in OE/LASE ’94 (SPIE), paper 2145-10, Los Angeles, CA, January 23-29, 1994.

  103. (Invited) K. L. Lear and S. A. Chalmers, “Overcoming the Resistance Barrier to Better Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers”, Symposium on Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Arrays in OE/LASE '94 (SPIE), paper 2147-03, Los Angeles, CA, January 22-28, 1994.

  104. Ping Zhou, Julian Cheng; R. Leibenguth, A.C. Adams, J.L. Zilko, J. Zolper, K. Lear, S. Chalmers, G.A. Vawter, “Monolithic optoelectronic switch integrating a GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction bipolar transistor and a vertical cavity surface emitting laser”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1993. LEOS '93 Conference Proceedings. IEEE , November 15-18, 1993.

  105. K.L. Lear, S.A. Chalmers, S.P. Kilcoyne, “Effects of implant annealing on the power conversion efficiency of vertical cavity top-surface emitting lasers”; Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, 1993. LEOS '93 Conference Proceeding, IEEE , November 15-18, 1993.

  106. K.D. Choquette, K.L. Lear, R.E. Leibenguth, M.T. Asom, “Vertical-cavity laser diode polarization switching and control”, Device Research Conference, 1993. 51st Annual , June 21-23, 1993.

  107. K.L Lear and S.A. Chalmers, “High wallplug efficiency vertical-cavity top-surface-emitting laser diodes”, 51st Annual Device Research Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, June 21-23, 1993.

  108. K. L. Lear, S.A. Chalmers, and K.P. Killen, “A Very Low Voltage Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser With Low-Resistance Mirrors”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, MD, May 2-7, 1993.

  109. K. L. Lear, W. S. Lee and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Experimental Dependence Of Resonant Tunnel Diode Current On Accumulation Layer Band Profiles,” 47th Device Research Conference, Cambridge, MA, June, 1989.

  110. J. M. Owens, D. J. Halchin, K. L. Lear, W. S. Lee, and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Microwave Characteristics Of MBE Grown Resonant Tunneling Devices”, IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, pp. 471-474, Long Beach, CA, June 13-15, 1989.

  111. K. L. Lear, K. Yoh and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Monolithic Integration Of GaAs/AlAs Resonant Tunnel Diode Load and GaAs Enhancement-Mode MESFET Drivers for Tunnel Diode FET Logic Gates”, 15th Intl. Symp. on Gallium Arsenide and Related Compounds, 96, (9), pp.593-604, Atlanta, GA, September, 1988.